Section 16. Every person charged with a crime is presumed innocent until proven guilty and is
entitled to a speedy, public, and impartial trial in the parish where the offense
or an element of the offense occurred, unless venue is changed in accordance with
law. No person shall be compelled to give evidence against himself. An accused is entitled to confront and cross-examine the witnesses against him,
to compel the attendance of witnesses, to present a defense, and to testify in his
own behalf. However, nothing in this Section or any other section of this constitution shall
prohibit the legislature from enacting a law to require a trial court to instruct
a jury in a criminal trial that the governor is empowered to grant a reprieve, pardon,
or commutation of sentence following conviction of a crime, that the governor in exercising
such authority may commute or modify a sentence of life imprisonment without benefit
of parole to a lesser sentence which includes the possibility of parole, may commute
a sentence of death to a lesser sentence of life imprisonment without benefit of parole,
or may allow the release of an offender either by reducing a life imprisonment or
death sentence to the time already served by the offender or by granting the offender
FindLaw Codes may not reflect the most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction. Please verify the status of the code you are researching with the state legislature or via Westlaw before relying on it for your legal needs.
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