(a) If an accused after arraignment makes an irregular pleading, or after a plea of
guilty sets up matter inconsistent with the plea, or if it appears that the accused
has entered the plea of guilty improvidently or through lack of understanding of its
meaning and effect, or if the accused fails or refuses to plead, a plea of not guilty
shall be entered in the record, and the court shall proceed as though the accused
had pleaded not guilty.
(b) With respect to any charge or specification to which a plea of guilty has been
made by the accused and accepted by the military judge or by a court-martial without
a military judge, a finding of guilty of the charge or specification may be entered
immediately without vote. This finding shall constitute the finding of the court unless the plea of guilty
is withdrawn prior to announcement of the sentence, in which event, the proceedings
shall continue as though the accused had pleaded not guilty.
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