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(1) Liability for assessments. (a) Until assessments for time-share expenses are made against the time-share owners, the developer shall pay all time-share expenses.
(b) When assessments for time-share expenses are made against the time-share owners, assessments for time-share expenses shall be made at least annually, based on a budget adopted at least annually by the managing entity and in accordance with the allocation set forth in the time-share instrument under s. 707.22(1). Except as provided in pars. (c) to (f), no time-share owner may be excused from payment of his or her share of time-share expenses unless all of the time-share owners are excused from payment.
(c) A developer may be excused from the payment of the developer's share of the time-share expenses which would have been assessed against the time shares during a stated period during which the developer has guaranteed to each purchaser in the time-share disclosure statement, or by agreement between the developer and a majority of the time-share owners other than the developer, that the assessment for time-share expenses imposed upon the time-share owners would not increase over a stated dollar amount. If the developer makes such a guarantee, the developer shall pay any amount of time-share expenses incurred during the guarantee period which was not produced by the assessments at the guarantee level from other time-share owners.
(d) To the extent required by the time-share instrument, any time-share expense benefiting fewer than all of the time-share owners may be assessed only against the time-share owners benefited.
(e) Assessments to pay any judgment against the association may be made only against the time shares in the time-share property when the judgment was entered, in proportion to their time-share liabilities.
(f) If any time-share expense is caused by the misconduct of a time-share owner, the managing entity may assess that expense exclusively against that time-share owner's time share.
(1m) Interest; reallocation. (a) Any past due assessment or installment shall bear interest at the rate established by the managing entity or the time-share instrument.
(b) If time-share liabilities are reallocated, assessments for time-share expenses and any installment not yet due shall be recalculated in accordance with the reallocated time-share liabilities.
(2) Assessments constitute lien. (a) All assessments for time-share expenses, until paid, together with interest and actual costs of collection, constitute a lien on the time shares on which they are assessed, if a statement of time-share lien is filed under par. (b) within 2 years after the date on which the assessment becomes due. The lien shall be effective against a time share when the assessment became due regardless of when within the 2-year period it is filed.
(b) A statement of time-share lien shall be filed in the land records of the office of the clerk of circuit court of the county where the time-share property is located, stating the description of the time-share property and the time share, the name of the time-share owner, the amount due and the period for which the assessment for time-share expenses was due. The clerk of circuit court shall index the statement of time-share lien under the name of the time-share owner in the judgment and lien docket. The statement of time-share lien shall be signed and verified by an officer or agent of the association as specified in the bylaws or, if there is no association, a representative of the time-share owners. On full payment of the assessment for which the lien is claimed, the time-share owner shall be entitled to a satisfaction of the lien that may be filed with the clerk of circuit court.
(2m) Liability for assessments upon transfer. A time-share owner shall be liable for all time-share expenses assessed against the time-share owner and coming due while the time-share owner owns a time share and until the time-share owner notifies the managing entity in writing of the transfer of the time share. In a voluntary grant of a time share, the grantee shall be jointly and severally liable with the grantor for those time-share expenses which are assessed against the grantor up to the time of the voluntary grant and for which a statement of lien is filed under sub. (2), except as provided in sub. (3), without prejudice to the rights of the grantee to recover from the grantor the amounts paid by the grantee for the assessments. Liability for assessments may not be avoided by waiver of the use or enjoyment of any part of the time-share property or by abandonment of the time share for which the assessments are made.
(3) Statement of unpaid assessments. Any grantee of a time share is entitled to a statement from the managing entity setting forth the amount of unpaid assessments for time-share expenses against the grantor. The grantee is not liable for, nor shall the time share conveyed be subject to a lien which is not filed under sub. (2) for, any unpaid assessment against the grantor in excess of the amount set forth in the statement. If the managing entity does not provide the statement within 10 business days after the grantee's request, it is barred from claiming any lien against the grantee which is not filed under sub. (2) before the request for the statement.
(4) Priority of lien. A lien under sub. (2) is prior to other liens except all of the following:
(a) Liens of general and special taxes.
(b) All sums unpaid on a first mortgage on the time share which is recorded before the assessment is made.
(c) Mechanic's liens filed before the assessment on the time-share unit, divided into the time share involved.
(d) A lien under s. 292.31(8)(i) or 292.81.
(5) Form of statement of time-share lien. A statement of time-share lien is sufficient for the purposes of this chapter if it contains the following information and is substantially in the following form:
This is to certify that ․․․ owner(s) of time share No.․․․ in ․․․, a time-share property (is) (are) indebted to ․․․, the managing entity, in the amount of $․․․ as of ․․․, ․․․ (year) for (his) (her) (its) (their) proportionate share of time-share expenses for the period from (date) to (date), plus interest thereon at the rate of ․․․ percent, costs of collection, and actual attorney fees.
Officer's title (or agent)
I hereby affirm under penalties of perjury that the information contained in the foregoing Statement of Time-Share Lien is true and correct to the best of my knowledge, information and belief.
Officer (or agent)
(6) Enforcement of lien. A lien may be enforced and foreclosed by a managing entity, or any other person specified in the time-share instrument, in the manner provided in s. 707.28(2). The managing entity may recover costs and actual attorney fees. The managing entity may, unless prohibited by the project instrument or time-share instrument, bid on the time share at foreclosure sale and acquire, hold, mortgage, and convey the time share. Suit to recover a money judgment for unpaid time-share expenses shall be maintainable without foreclosing or waiving the lien securing the time-share expenses. Except as provided in s. 707.28(4), suit for any deficiency following foreclosure may be maintained in the same proceeding. No action may be brought to foreclose the lien unless brought within 3 years after the recording of the statement of time-share lien and, except as provided in s. 707.28(3)(a) and (b), unless 10 days' prior written notice is given to the time-share owner by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the address of the time-share owner shown on the books of the managing entity.
(7) Financial records. A person who has a duty to make assessments for time-share expenses shall keep financial records sufficiently detailed to enable the person to comply with s. 707.48. All financial and other records shall be made reasonably available for examination by any time-share owner or the time-share owner's authorized agent.
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - Wisconsin Statutes Property (Ch. 700 to 710) § 707.37. Assessments for time-share expenses; lien - last updated January 01, 2018 | https://codes.findlaw.com/wi/property-ch-700-to-710/wi-st-707-37/
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