A. A rental agreement shall not contain provisions that the tenant:
1. Agrees to waive or forgo rights or remedies under this chapter;
2. Agrees to waive or forgo rights or remedies pertaining to the 120-day conversion
or rehabilitation notice required in the Virginia Condominium Act (§ 55.1-1900 et seq.) or the Virginia Real Estate Cooperative Act (§ 55.1-2100 et seq.) or under § 55.1-1410;
3. Authorizes any person to confess judgment on a claim arising out of the rental
4. Agrees to pay the landlord's attorney fees except as provided in this chapter;
5. Agrees to the exculpation or limitation of any liability of the landlord to the
tenant arising under law or to indemnify the landlord for that liability or any associated
6. Agrees as a condition of tenancy in public housing to a prohibition or restriction
of any lawful possession of a firearm within individual dwelling units unless required
by federal law or regulation; or
7. Agrees to both the payment of a security deposit and the provision of a bond or
commercial insurance policy purchased by the tenant to secure the performance of the
terms and conditions of a rental agreement, if the total of the security deposit and
the bond or insurance coverage exceeds the amount of two months' periodic rent.
B. Any provision prohibited by subsection A that is included in a rental agreement
is unenforceable. If a landlord brings an action to enforce any such provision, the tenant may recover
actual damages sustained by him and reasonable attorney fees.
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