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Utah Code Title 70. Trademarks and Trade Names § 70-3a-403. Injury to business reputation--Dilution

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(1) Subject to the principles of equity and upon the terms the court considers reasonable, the owner of a mark that is famous in this state is entitled to:

(a) an injunction against another person's commercial use of a mark, if the use:

(i) begins after the mark has become famous;  and

(ii) causes dilution of the distinctive quality of the mark;  and

(b) obtain other relief as is provided in this section.

(2) To determine if a mark is famous, a court may consider factors including:

(a) the degree of inherent or acquired distinctiveness of the mark in this state;

(b) the duration and extent of use of the mark in connection with the goods and services with which the mark is used;

(c) the duration and extent of advertising and publicity of the mark in this state;

(d) the geographical extent of the trading area in which the mark is used;

(e) the channels of trade for the goods or services with which the mark is used;

(f) the degree of recognition of the mark in the trading areas and channels of trade in this state that are used by:

(i) the mark's owner;  and

(ii) the person against whom the injunction is sought;

(g) the nature and extent of use of the same or similar mark by third parties;  and

(h) whether the mark is the subject of:

(i) a state registration in this state;  or

(ii) a federal registration:

(A) under the Act of March 3, 1881, c. 138, 21 Stat. 502;  1

(B) under the Act of February 20, 1905, c. 592, 33 Stat. 724;  2  or

(C) on the principal register.

(3) In an action brought under this section, the owner of a famous mark is entitled only to injunctive relief in this state, unless the person against whom the injunctive relief is sought willfully intended to:

(a) trade on the owner's reputation;  or

(b) cause dilution of the famous mark.

(4) If willful intent is proven under Subsection (3)(a) or (b), in addition to injunctive relief, the owner is entitled to the remedies set forth in Section 70-3a-404, subject to:

(a) the discretion of the court;  and

(b) the principles of equity.

(5) The following are not actionable under this section:

(a) fair use of a famous mark by another person in comparative commercial advertising or promotion to identify the competing goods or services of the owner of the famous mark;

(b) noncommercial use of the mark;  and

(c) all forms of news reporting and news commentary.

1  Repealed.
2  See 15 U.S.C.A. § 81 and 15 U.S.C.A. 1051 et seq.

Cite this article: - Utah Code Title 70. Trademarks and Trade Names § 70-3a-403. Injury to business reputation--Dilution - last updated May 05, 2022 |

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