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(1)(a) As used in this section, “fee simple owner” means the owner of a fee simple interest in real property.
(b) “Fee simple owner” does not include a tenant, lienholder, or other claimant of an interest in real property.
(2) Any agency acquiring real property as to which it has the power to acquire under the eminent domain or condemnation laws of this state shall comply with the following policies:
(a) Every reasonable effort shall be made to acquire expeditiously real property by negotiation with the fee simple owner.
(b) Real property shall be appraised before the initiation of negotiations, and the fee simple owner or his designated representative shall be given an opportunity to accompany the appraiser during his inspection of the property.
(c) Before the initiation of negotiations for real property, an amount shall be established which is reasonably believed to be just compensation therefor, measured by an undivided interest in the real property being acquired, and such amount shall be offered to the fee simple owner for the property. In no event shall such amount be less than the lowest approved appraisal of the fair market value of the property. Any decrease or increase of the fair market value of real property prior to the date of valuation caused by the public improvement for which such property is acquired or by the likelihood that the property would be acquired for such improvement, other than that due to physical deterioration within the reasonable control of the fee simple owner, will be disregarded in determining the compensation for the property. The owner of the real property to be acquired shall be provided with a written statement of, and summary of the basis for, the amount established as just compensation. Where appropriate the just compensation for real property acquired and for damages to remaining real property shall be separately stated.
(d) No owner shall be required to surrender possession of real property acquired through federal or federally assisted programs before the agreed purchase price is paid or there is deposited with a court having jurisdiction of condemnation of such property, in accordance with applicable law, for the benefit of the owner an amount not less than the lowest approved appraisal of the fair market value of such property or the amount of the award of compensation in the condemnation proceeding of such property.
(e) The construction or development of a public improvement shall be so scheduled that, to the greatest extent practicable, no person lawfully occupying real property shall be required to move from a dwelling (assuming a replacement dwelling will be available) or to move his business or farm operation without at least 90 days’ written notice from the date by which such move is required.
(f) If an owner or tenant is permitted to occupy the real property acquired on a rental basis for a short term or for a period subject to termination on short notice, the amount of rent required shall not exceed the fair rental value of the property to a short-term occupier.
(g) In no event shall the time of condemnation be advanced, on negotiations or condemnation and the deposit of funds in court for the use of the owner be deferred, or any other coercive action be taken to compel an agreement on the price to be paid for the property.
(h) If an interest in real property is to be acquired by exercise of the power of eminent domain, formal condemnation proceedings shall be instituted. The acquiring agency shall not intentionally make it necessary for an owner to institute legal proceedings to prove the fact of the taking of his real property.
(i) If the acquisition of only part of the property would leave the fee simple owner with an uneconomic remnant, an offer to acquire the entire property shall be made.
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - Utah Code Title 57. Real Estate § 57-12-13. Procedure for acquisition of property - last updated May 05, 2022 | https://codes.findlaw.com/ut/title-57-real-estate/ut-code-sect-57-12-13/
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