(1) the historically Black colleges and universities have contributed significantly to
the effort to attain equal opportunity through postsecondary education for Black,
low-income, and educationally disadvantaged Americans;
(2) States and the Federal Government have discriminated in the allocation of land and
financial resources to support Black public institutions under the Morrill Act of
1862 and its progeny, and against public and private Black colleges and universities
in the award of Federal grants and contracts, and the distribution of Federal resources
under this chapter and other Federal programs which benefit institutions of higher
(3) the current state of Black colleges and universities is partly attributable to the
discriminatory action of the States and the Federal Government and this discriminatory
action requires the remedy of enhancement of Black postsecondary institutions to ensure
their continuation and participation in fulfilling the Federal mission of equality
of educational opportunity; and
(4) financial assistance to establish or strengthen the physical plants, financial management,
academic resources, and endowments of the historically Black colleges and universities
are appropriate methods to enhance these institutions and facilitate a decrease in
reliance on governmental financial support and to encourage reliance on endowments
and private sources.
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