Notwithstanding any other provision of law, from funds appropriated pursuant to the
authorization of appropriations under section 6414 of this title, the Administrator may provide emergency assistance to any covered
State or coral reef stewardship partnership to respond to immediate harm to coral
reefs or coral reef ecosystems arising from any of the exigent circumstances described
in subsection (b).
(b)Coral reef exigent circumstances
The Administrator shall develop a list of, and criteria for, circumstances that pose
an exigent threat to coral reefs, including--
(1) new and ongoing outbreaks of disease;
(2) new and ongoing outbreaks of invasive or nuisance species;
(3) new and ongoing coral bleaching events;
(4) natural disasters;
(5) industrial or mechanical incidents, such as vessel groundings, hazardous spills,
or coastal construction accidents; and
(6) such other circumstances as the Administrator determines appropriate.
(c)Annual report on exigent circumstances
On February 1 of each year, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate congressional
committees, the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, and the Committee on Appropriations
of the House of Representatives a report that--
(1) describes locations with exigent circumstances described in subsection (b) that were
considered but declined for emergency assistance, and the rationale for the decision;
(2) with respect to each instance in which emergency assistance under this section was
(A) the location and a description of the exigent circumstances that prompted the emergency
assistance, the entity that received the assistance, and the current and expected
outcomes from the assistance;
(B) a description of activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
that were curtailed as a result of providing the emergency assistance; and
(C) an assessment of whether further action is needed to restore the affected coral reef,
recommendations for such restoration, and a cost estimate to implement such recommendations.
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