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When used in this article, the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings:
“Citation” shall mean a nontraffic citation or private criminal complaint.
“Compulsory school age” shall mean the period of a child's life from the time the child's parents elect to have the child enter school and which shall be no later than six (6) years of age until the child reaches eighteen (18) years of age. The term does not include a child who holds a certificate of graduation from a regularly accredited, licensed, registered or approved high school.
“Conviction” shall mean a conviction under section 1333.2 1 for violation of the requirement for compulsory school attendance.
“Court” shall mean a magisterial district court, the Philadelphia Municipal Court or a court of common pleas.
“Department” shall mean the Department of Education of the Commonwealth.
“Educational entity” shall mean a public school district, charter school, regional charter school, cyber charter school or area career and technical school.
“Excused absence” shall mean an absence from school which is permitted under section 1329. 2
“Governing body” shall mean the board of school directors of a school district or any other governing entity of a school.
“Habitually truant” shall mean six (6) or more school days of unexcused absences during the current school year by a child subject to compulsory school attendance under this article.
“Judge” shall mean a magisterial district judge, a municipal court judge or a judge of a court of common pleas.
“Juvenile act” shall mean the provisions of 42 Pa.C.S. Ch. 63 (relating to juvenile matters).
“Migratory child” shall mean a child domiciled temporarily in a school district for the purpose of seasonal employment, but not acquiring residence therein, and a child accompanying his or her person in parental relation who is so domiciled.
“Offense” shall mean each citation filed under section 1333.1 3 for a violation of the requirement for compulsory school attendance under this article regardless of the number of unexcused absences alleged in the citation.
“Person in parental relation” shall mean a:
(1) Custodial biological or adoptive parent.
(2) Noncustodial biological or adoptive parent.
(3) Guardian of the person of a child.
(4) Person with whom a child lives and who is acting in a parental role of a child.
This definition shall not include any county agency or person acting as an agent of the county agency in the jurisdiction of a dependent child defined under 42 Pa.C.S. § 6302 (relating to definitions). This definition shall not expand the right of a child under any other section of this act.
“School” shall mean the educational entity in which the child is enrolled.
“School attendance improvement conference” shall mean a conference where the child's absences and reasons for the absences are examined in an effort to improve attendance, with or without additional services. The following individuals shall be invited to the conference:
(1) The child.
(2) The child's person in parental relation.
(3) Other individuals identified by the person in parental relation who may be a resource.
(4) Appropriate school personnel.
(5) Recommended service providers.
“School day” shall mean the length of time that a child subject to compulsory school attendance is expected to be receiving instruction during a calendar day, as determined by the governing body.
“School year” shall have the same meaning as “school term” as defined in section 102, 4 as applicable to a school district, and as further defined in section 1327(b) 5 for a day school which is operated by a bona fide church or other religious body, section 1327.1(c) 6 for a day school or boarding school accredited by an accrediting association which is approved by the State Board of Education, section 1327.1(d) for a home education program, sections 1501 and 1504 7 for a public school or a school district, section 1715-A(9) 8 for a charter school, section 1749-A(a)(1) 9 for a cyber charter school and section 1718-A(c) [FN10] for a regional charter school.
“School-based or community-based attendance improvement program” shall mean a program designed to improve school attendance by seeking to identify and address the underlying reasons for a child's absences. The term may include an educational assignment in an alternative education program, provided the program does not include a program for disruptive youth established pursuant to Article XIX-C. [FN11]
“Truant” shall mean having incurred three (3) or more school days of unexcused absences during the current school year by a child subject to compulsory school attendance under this article.
“Unexcused absence” shall mean an absence from school which is not permitted by the provisions of section 1329 and for which an approved explanation has not been submitted within the time period and in the manner prescribed by the governing body. An out-of-school suspension may not be considered an unexcused absence.
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - Pennsylvania Statutes Title 24 P.S. Education § 13-1326. Definitions - last updated January 01, 2019 | https://codes.findlaw.com/pa/title-24-ps-education/pa-st-sect-24-13-1326/
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