Skip to main content

Pennsylvania Statutes Title 18 P.S. Crimes and Offenses § 11.103. Definitions 

Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes, a free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes, visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.

The following words and phrases when used in this act shall have the meanings given to them in this section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

“Adult.”  Any of the following:

(1) An individual charged with a crime who is 18 years of age or older.

(2) An individual who is subject to criminal court jurisdiction following the transfer of a case to criminal proceedings.

(3) An individual who is subject to criminal court jurisdiction after having been charged with a crime excluded from the definition of “delinquent act” pursuant to 42 Pa.C.S. § 6302 “delinquent act” (2)(i), (ii), (iii) or (v) (relating to definitions).

“Board.”  The Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole.

“Claimant.”  The person filing a claim under Chapter 7.   1

“Commission.”  The Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency.

“Committee.”  The Victims' Services Advisory Committee established in section 321.   2

“Crime.”  An act which was committed:

(1) In this Commonwealth by a person, including a juvenile, without regard to legal exemption or defense which would constitute a crime under the following:

(i) The act of April 14, 1972 (P.L.233, No.64),   3 known as The Controlled Substance, Drug, Device and Cosmetic Act.

(ii) 18 Pa.C.S. (relating to crimes and offenses).

30 Pa.C.S. § 5502 (relating to operating watercraft under influence of alcohol or controlled substance).

30 Pa.C.S. § 5502.1 (relating to homicide by watercraft while operating under influence).

The former 75 Pa.C.S. § 3731 (relating to driving under influence of alcohol or controlled substance).

75 Pa.C.S. § 3732 (relating to homicide by vehicle).

75 Pa.C.S. § 3735 (relating to homicide by vehicle while driving under influence).

75 Pa.C.S. § 3735.1 (relating to aggravated assault by vehicle while driving under the influence).

75 Pa.C.S. § 3742 (relating to accidents involving death or personal injury).

75 Pa.C.S. Ch. 38 (relating to driving after imbibing alcohol or utilizing drugs).

(iii) The laws of the United States.

(2) Against a resident of this Commonwealth which would be a crime under paragraph (1) but for its occurrence in a location other than this Commonwealth.

(3) Against a resident of this Commonwealth which is an act of international terrorism.

“Department.”  The Department of Corrections of the Commonwealth.

“Direct victim.”  An individual against whom a crime has been committed or attempted and who as a direct result of the criminal act or attempt suffers physical or mental injury, death or the loss of earnings under this act.  The term shall not include the alleged offender.  The term includes a resident of this Commonwealth against whom an act has been committed or attempted which otherwise would constitute a crime as defined in this act but for its occurrence in a location other than this Commonwealth and for which the individual would otherwise be compensated by the crime victim compensation program of the location where the act occurred but for the ineligibility of such program under the provisions of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 ( Public Law 98-473 , 42 U.S.C. § 10601 et seq. ).

“Dispositional proceeding.”  A proceeding which occurs in open common pleas court which potentially could dispose of the case.  The term includes Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition, pleas, trial and sentence.

“Diversionary program.”  A program which is used to divert the defendant to an alternative form of disposition under the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure or statutory authority.  The term includes dispositions authorized by Rules 160, 176 and 314 of the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure and sections 17 and 18 of the act of April 14, 1972 (P.L. 233, No. 64),   4 known as The Controlled Substance, Drug, Device and Cosmetic Act.

“Family.”  When used in reference to an individual:

(1) anyone related to that individual within the third degree of consanguinity or affinity;

(2) anyone maintaining a common-law relationship with that individual;  or

(3) anyone residing in the same household with that individual.

“Injury.”  Includes physical or mental damages incurred as a direct result of the crime and aggravation of existing injuries if additional losses can be attributed to the direct result of the crime.

“International terrorism.”  Activities which meet all of the following:

(1) Involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any state or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or of any state.

(2) Appear to be intended:

(i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;

(ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion;  or

(iii) to affect the conduct of a government by assassination or kidnapping.

(3) Occur primarily outside of the territorial jurisdiction of the United States or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum.

“Intervenor.”  An individual who goes to the aid of another and suffers physical or mental injury or death as a direct result of acting not recklessly to prevent the commission of a crime, to lawfully apprehend a person reasonably suspected of having committed such crime or to aid the victim of such crime.

“Juvenile.”  An individual who is alleged or has been determined to be a “delinquent child” as defined in 42 Pa.C.S. § 6302 (relating to definitions).

“Law enforcement agency.”  The Pennsylvania State Police and a local law enforcement agency.

“Local correctional facility.”  A jail, prison or detention facility operated by a county or jointly by more than one county and used for the confinement of individuals for safe custody.  The term does not include any facility used for the detention or confinement of juveniles.

“Local law enforcement agency.”  A police department of a city, borough, incorporated town or township.

“Loss of earnings.”  Includes the loss of the cash equivalent of one month's worth of Social Security, railroad retirement, pension plan, retirement plan, disability, veteran's retirement, court- ordered child support or court-ordered spousal support payments if the payments are the primary source of the victim's income and the victim is deprived of money as a direct result of a crime.

“Office.”  The Office of Victim Advocate established in section 302.   5

“Office of Victims' Services.”  The Office of Victims' Services in the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency.

“Out-of-pocket loss.”  The term includes the following losses which shall be reimbursed at a rate set by the Office of Victims' Services:

(1) expenses for unreimbursed and unreimbursable expenses or indebtedness incurred for medical care, nonmedical remedial care and treatment as approved by the Office of Victims' Services or other services;

(2) expenses for counseling, prosthetic devices, wheelchairs, canes, walkers, hearing aids, eyeglasses or other corrective lenses or dental devices reasonably necessary as a result of the crime upon which the claim is based and for which the claimant either has paid or is liable;

(3) expenses related to the reasonable and necessary costs of cleaning the crime scene of a private residence.  “Cleaning” means to remove or attempt to remove stains or blood caused by the crime or other dirt or debris caused by the processing of the crime scene;

(4) expenses resulting from the temporary or permanent relocation of a direct victim and individuals residing in the household of the direct victim due to the incident forming the basis of the victim's claim when there is an immediate need to protect the safety and health of the victim and individuals residing in the household, as verified by a medical provider, human services provider or law enforcement;

(5) expenses for physical examinations and materials used to obtain evidence;  or

(6) other reasonable expenses which are deemed necessary as a direct result of the criminal incident.

Except as otherwise provided, the term does not include property damage or pain and suffering.

“Personal injury crime.”  An act, attempt or threat to commit an act which would constitute a misdemeanor or felony under the following:

18 Pa.C.S. Ch. 25 (relating to criminal homicide).

18 Pa.C.S. Ch. 27 (relating to assault).

18 Pa.C.S. Ch. 29 (relating to kidnapping).

18 Pa.C.S. Ch. 31 (relating to sexual offenses).

18 Pa.C.S. § 3301 (relating to arson and related offenses).

18 Pa.C.S. Ch. 37 (relating to robbery).

18 Pa.C.S. Ch. 49 Subch. B (relating to victim and witness intimidation).

30 Pa.C.S. § 5502.1 (relating to homicide by watercraft while operating under influence).

The former 75 Pa.C.S. § 3731 (relating to driving under influence of alcohol or controlled substance) in cases involving bodily injury.

75 Pa.C.S. § 3732 (relating to homicide by vehicle).

75 Pa.C.S. § 3735 (relating to homicide by vehicle while driving under influence).

75 Pa.C.S. § 3735.1 (relating to aggravated assault by vehicle while driving under the influence).

75 Pa.C.S. § 3742 (relating to accidents involving death or personal injury).

75 Pa.C.S. Ch. 38 (relating to driving after imbibing alcohol or utilizing drugs) in cases involving bodily injury.

The term includes violations of any protective order issued as a result of an act related to domestic violence.

“Preadjudication disposition.”  Any of the following:

(1) Disposition of an adult without a trial.  This paragraph includes accelerated rehabilitative disposition.

(2) Disposition of a juvenile prior to an adjudication of delinquency under 42 Pa.C.S. Ch. 63 (relating to juvenile matters), including informal adjustment as set forth in 42 Pa.C.S. § 6323 (relating to informal adjustment), and consent decree as set forth in 42 Pa.C.S. § 6340 (relating to consent decree).

“Prosecutor's office.”  The Office of Attorney General or the office of a district attorney of a county.

“Victim.”  The term means the following:

(1) A direct victim.

(2) A parent or legal guardian of a child who is a direct victim, except when the parent or legal guardian of the child is the alleged offender.

(3) A minor child who is a material witness to any of the following crimes and offenses under 18 Pa.C.S. (relating to crimes and offenses) committed or attempted against a member of the child's family:

Chapter 25 (relating to criminal homicide).

Section 2702 (relating to aggravated assault).

Section 3121 (relating to rape).

(4) A family member of a homicide victim, including stepbrothers or stepsisters, stepchildren, stepparents or a fiance, one of whom is to be identified to receive communication as provided for in this act, except where the family member is the alleged offender.

“Victim advocate.”  The victim advocate in the Office of Victim Advocate within the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole.

1 18 P.S. § 11.701 et seq.
2 18 P.S. § 11.321.
3 35 P.S. § 780-101 et seq.
4 35 P.S. §§ 780-117, 780-118.
5 18 P.S. § 11.302.

Cite this article: FindLaw.com - Pennsylvania Statutes Title 18 P.S. Crimes and Offenses § 11.103. Definitions  - last updated January 01, 2019 | https://codes.findlaw.com/pa/title-18-ps-crimes-and-offenses/pa-st-sect-18-11-103/


FindLaw Codes may not reflect the most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction. Please verify the status of the code you are researching with the state legislature or via Westlaw before relying on it for your legal needs.

Copied to clipboard