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Pennsylvania Statutes Title 15 Pa.C.S.A. Corporations and Unincorporated Associations § 2322. Share transfer restrictions

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(a) General rule.--Unless otherwise provided in a bylaw adopted by the shareholders, no interest in shares of a statutory close corporation may be transferred, by operation of law or otherwise, whether voluntary or involuntary.

(b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to a transfer:

(1) To the corporation or to any other shareholder of the same class of shares.

(2) To members of the immediate family of a shareholder or to a trust all of whose beneficiaries are members of the immediate family of a shareholder.  The immediate family of a shareholder shall include only his spouse, parents, brothers, sisters, lineal descendants (including descendants related by adoption) and spouses of any lineal descendants.

(3) That has been approved by the unanimous vote of the holders of the most junior shares of the corporation having voting rights for the election of directors.

(4) To an executor or administrator upon the death of a shareholder or to a trustee or receiver as the result of a bankruptcy, insolvency, dissolution or similar proceeding brought by or against a shareholder.

(5) By merger, consolidation or share exchange that becomes effective pursuant to section 2336 (relating to fundamental changes) or a share exchange of existing shares for other shares of a different class or series in the corporation.

(6) By a pledge as collateral for a loan that does not grant the pledgee any voting rights possessed by the pledgor.

(7) Made after termination of the status of the corporation as a statutory close corporation.

(8) Permitted by subsection (h).

(c) Offer by nonexempt purchaser.--Any person desiring to transfer shares in a transaction not exempt under subsection (b)(1) through (7) shall obtain an offer from a third party who meets the requirements of subsection (d) to purchase the shares for cash and shall deliver written notice of the third-party offer to the corporation at its registered office stating the number and kind of shares, the offering price, the other terms of the offer and the name and address of the third-party offeror.

(d) Qualifications of transferee.--A transfer shall not be made to a third party unless:

(1) The third party is eligible to become a qualified shareholder under the provisions of any Federal or State tax statute that the corporation has elected to be subject to and the third party agrees in writing not to take any action to terminate the election without the approval of the remaining shareholders.

(2) The transfer to the third party will not result in the imposition of the personal holding company tax or any similar Federal or State penalty tax on the corporation.

(3) The third party is eligible to be a shareholder under any provision of the articles permitted by section 2304(b) (relating to number or qualifications of shareholders).

(e) Action on offer by corporation.--The notice specified in subsection (c) shall constitute an offer by the shareholder to sell the shares to the corporation on the terms of the third-party offer.  Within 20 days after receipt of the notice by the corporation, the secretary shall call a special meeting of shareholders, which shall be held not more than 40 days after the call, for the purpose of determining whether to purchase all (but not less than all) of the offered shares.  Approval of action to purchase shall be by a majority of the votes of all shareholders entitled to vote thereon, excluding the holders of offered shares.  With the consent of all the shareholders entitled to vote for the approval, the corporation may allocate some or all of the shares to one or more shareholders, or to other persons, but, if the corporation has more than one class of shares, the remaining holders of the class of shares being offered for sale shall have a first option to purchase the shares that are not purchased by the corporation in proportion to their shareholdings or in such proportion as shall be agreeable to those desiring to participate in the purchase.

(f) Notice of action by corporation.--Within 75 days after receipt of the offer, written notice of the acceptance of the offer of the shareholder shall be delivered or sent to the offering shareholder at the address specified in his notice to the corporation or, in the absence of any specification, at his last known address as reflected in the records of the corporation.  If the notice contains terms of purchase different from those contained in the offer of the shareholder, the different terms shall be deemed a counteroffer, and, unless the shareholder wishing to transfer his shares accepts in writing the counteroffer or the shareholder and the corporation or other purchaser otherwise resolve by written agreement the difference between the offer and counteroffer within 15 days of receipt by the shareholder of the qualified notice of acceptance, the notice containing the counteroffer shall be ineffective as an acceptance.

(g) Delivery and payment.--If a contract to sell is created under subsection (f), the shareholder shall make delivery of all the certificates for the shares so sold, duly endorsed, within 20 days of receipt of the notice of acceptance.  Breach of any of the terms of the contract shall entitle the nonbreaching party to any remedy at law or equity allowed for breach of a contract including, without limitation, specific performance.

(h) Limited release from restrictions.--If the offer to sell is not accepted pursuant to subsections (e) and (f), the shareholder shall be entitled to transfer to the third-party offeror all (but not less than all) of the offered shares within 120 days after delivery of the notice specified in subsection (c) in accordance with the terms specified therein.

Cite this article: - Pennsylvania Statutes Title 15 Pa.C.S.A. Corporations and Unincorporated Associations § 2322. Share transfer restrictions - last updated January 01, 2019 |

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