The people of any county may frame and adopt or amend a charter as provided in this
article but the right of the initiative and referendum is reserved to the people of
each county on all matters which such county may now or hereafter be authorized to
control by legislative action. Every such charter shall provide the form of government of the county and shall
determine which of its officers shall be elected and the manner of their election. It shall provide for the exercise of all powers vested in, and the performance of
all duties imposed upon counties and county officers by law. Any such charter may provide for the concurrent or exclusive exercise by the county,
in all or in part of its area, of all or of any designated powers vested by the constitution
or laws of Ohio in municipalities; it may provide for the organization of the county
as a municipal corporation; and in any such case it may provide for the succession
by the county to the rights, properties, and obligations of municipalities and townships
therein incident to the municipal power so vested in the county, and for the division
of the county into districts for purposes of administration or of taxation or of both. Any charter or amendment which alters the form and offices of county government
or which provides for the exercise by the county of powers vested in municipalities
by the constitution or laws of Ohio, or both, shall become effective if approved by
a majority of the electors voting thereon. In case of conflict between the exercise of powers granted by such charter and the
exercise of powers by municipalities or townships, granted by the constitution or
general law, whether or not such powers are being exercised at the time of the adoption
of the charter, the exercise of power by the municipality or township shall prevail. A charter or amendment providing for the exclusive exercise of municipal powers
by the county or providing for the succession by the county to any property or obligation
of any municipality or township without the consent of the legislative authority of
such municipality or township shall become effective only when it shall have been
approved by a majority of those voting thereon (1) in the county, (2) in the largest
municipality, (3) in the county outside of such municipality, and (4) in counties
having a population, based upon the latest preceding federal decennial census, of
500,000 or less, in each of a majority of the combined total of municipalities and
townships in the county (not including within any township any part of its area lying
within a municipality).
FindLaw Codes may not reflect the most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction. Please verify the status of the code you are researching with the state legislature or via Westlaw before relying on it for your legal needs.
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