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New York Consolidated Laws, Tax Law - TAX § 258. Effect of nonpayment of taxes

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1. No mortgage of real property shall be recorded by any county clerk or register, unless there shall be paid the taxes imposed by and as in this article provided.  No mortgage of real property which is subject to the taxes imposed by this article shall be released, discharged of record or received in evidence in any action or proceeding, nor shall any assignment of or agreement extending any such mortgage be recorded unless the taxes imposed thereon by this article shall have been paid as provided in this article.  Provided, however, except as otherwise provided in subdivision two of this section, in order to obtain a release or discharge of record where the mortgagor is not liable for the special additional tax imposed under subdivision one-a of section two hundred fifty-three of this chapter, such mortgagor or any subsequent owner of the mortgaged property or a part thereof may pay the tax imposed under such subdivision one-a and penalty, and may either apply for the credit allowable under this chapter for payment of such additional tax or may maintain an action to recover the amounts so paid against any person liable for payment of the tax or any subsequent assignees or owners of such mortgage or consolidated mortgage of which such mortgage is a part, as if such amounts of tax and penalty were a debt personally owed by such persons to the mortgagor or subsequent owner.  No judgment or final order in any action or proceeding shall be made for the foreclosure or the enforcement of any mortgage which is subject to any tax imposed by this article or of any debt or obligation secured by any such mortgage, unless the taxes imposed by this article shall have been paid as provided in this article;  and, except otherwise provided in subdivision two of this section, whenever it shall appear that any mortgage has been recorded without payment of a tax imposed by this article there shall be added to the tax a sum equal to one-half of one per centum thereof for each month or fraction of a month for the period that the tax remains unpaid except where it could not be determined from the face of the instrument that a tax was due, or where an advance has been made on a prior advance mortgage or a corporate trust mortgage without payment of the tax, in which case there shall be added to the tax a sum equal to one per centum thereof for each month or fraction of a month for the period that the tax remains unpaid.  In any case where a mortgage of real property subject to a tax imposed by this article has heretofore been recorded or is hereafter recorded in good faith, and the county clerk or register has held such mortgage nontaxable or taxable at one amount, and it shall later appear that it was taxable or taxable at a greater amount, the commissioner of taxation and finance may remit the penalties in excess of one-half of one per centum per month.

2. In any city in this state having a population of one million or more, in order to obtain a release or discharge of record where the mortgagor is not liable for the special additional tax imposed under subdivision one-a of section two hundred fifty-three of this chapter, such mortgagor or any subsequent owner of the mortgaged property or a part thereof may pay the tax imposed under such subdivision one-a with accrued interest and any penalties, and may either apply for the credit allowable under this chapter for payment of such additional tax or may maintain an action to recover the amounts so paid against any person liable for payment of the tax or any subsequent assignees or owners of such mortgage or consolidated mortgage of which such mortgage is a part, as if such amounts of tax and penalties were a debt personally owed by such persons to the mortgagor or subsequent owner.  No judgment or final order in any action or proceeding shall be made for the foreclosure or the enforcement of any mortgage which is subject to any tax imposed by this article or of any debt or obligation secured by any such mortgage, unless the taxes imposed by this article shall have been paid as provided in this article;  and whenever it shall appear that any mortgage has been recorded without payment of a tax imposed by this article there shall be added to the tax interest on the amount of tax not paid.  The commissioner of taxation and finance shall set the rate of interest to be paid on any underpayment of tax imposed by this article at the rate of interest prescribed in subsection (e) of section one thousand ninety-six of this chapter for underpayments of tax.  Such interest shall be compounded daily.  In addition to interest there shall be added to the tax a penalty of ten percent of the amount of tax due for the first month of delay in payment of the tax plus two percent of the amount of tax for each month of delay thereafter, up to a maximum of twenty-five percent, where it could not be determined from the face of the instrument that a tax was due, or where an advance has been made on a prior advance mortgage or a corporate trust mortgage or a re-advance had been made on a mortgage where the original indebtedness it secured had been paid in whole or in part.  In any case where a mortgage of real property subject to a tax imposed by this article has heretofore been recorded or is hereafter recorded in good faith, and the county clerk or register has held such mortgage nontaxable or taxable at one amount, and it shall later appear that it was taxable or taxable at a greater amount, the commissioner of taxation and finance may remit the penalties but not interest.

Cite this article: FindLaw.com - New York Consolidated Laws, Tax Law - TAX § 258. Effect of nonpayment of taxes - last updated January 01, 2021 | https://codes.findlaw.com/ny/tax-law/tax-sect-258/


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