New York Consolidated Laws, Penal Law - PEN § 485.00 Legislative findings

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The legislature finds and determines as follows:  criminal acts involving violence, intimidation and destruction of property based upon bias and prejudice have become more prevalent in New York state in recent years.  The intolerable truth is that in these crimes, commonly and justly referred to as “hate crimes”, victims are intentionally selected, in whole or in part, because of their race, color, national origin, ancestry, gender, religion, religious practice, age, disability or sexual orientation.  Hate crimes do more than threaten the safety and welfare of all citizens.  They inflict on victims incalculable physical and emotional damage and tear at the very fabric of free society.  Crimes motivated by invidious hatred toward particular groups not only harm individual victims but send a powerful message of intolerance and discrimination to all members of the group to which the victim belongs.  Hate crimes can and do intimidate and disrupt entire communities and vitiate the civility that is essential to healthy democratic processes.  In a democratic society, citizens cannot be required to approve of the beliefs and practices of others, but must never commit criminal acts on account of them.  Current law does not adequately recognize the harm to public order and individual safety that hate crimes cause.  Therefore, our laws must be strengthened to provide clear recognition of the gravity of hate crimes and the compelling importance of preventing their recurrence.

Accordingly, the legislature finds and declares that hate crimes should be prosecuted and punished with appropriate severity.

Cite this article: - New York Consolidated Laws, Penal Law - PEN § 485.00 Legislative findings - last updated January 01, 2021 |

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