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A. The chief law enforcement officer of every state, county and municipal law enforcement agency shall establish and enforce a written policy governing the conduct of law enforcement officers employed by the agency who are involved in high speed pursuits. A copy of the written policy shall be submitted to the director of the New Mexico law enforcement academy and the traffic safety bureau of the state highway and transportation department.
B. The policy shall specify, at a minimum:
(1) the conditions under which a law enforcement officer may engage in a high speed pursuit and the conditions when the officer shall terminate a high speed pursuit;
(2) measures other than a high speed pursuit that may be employed to apprehend a suspect in a fleeing motor vehicle or to impede the movement of the vehicle;
(3) the coordination and responsibility, including control over the high speed pursuit, of supervisory personnel and the law enforcement officers engaged in the pursuit; and
(4) the procedures to be followed to notify and coordinate high speed pursuits with law enforcement agencies in other jurisdictions, including tribal jurisdictions.
C. The written policy shall, at a minimum, require that:
(1) a law enforcement officer may initiate a high speed pursuit to apprehend a suspect who the officer has reasonable grounds to believe poses a clear and immediate threat of death or serious injury to others or who the officer has probable cause to believe poses a clear and immediate threat to the safety of others that is ongoing and that existed prior to the high speed pursuit;
(2) a law enforcement officer shall not initiate or continue a high speed pursuit when the immediate danger to the officer and the public created by the high speed pursuit exceeds the immediate danger to the public if the occupants of the motor vehicle being pursued remain at large;
(3) when deciding whether to initiate or continue a high speed pursuit, the following factors, at a minimum, shall be taken into consideration:
(a) the seriousness of the offense for which the high speed pursuit was initiated;
(b) whether a suspect poses a clear and immediate threat of death or serious injury to others;
(c) road, weather, environmental and vehicle conditions;
(d) the amount of motor vehicle and pedestrian traffic; and
(e) knowledge of the suspect's identity, possible destination and previous activities that may make apprehension at a later time feasible; and
(4) no more than two law enforcement vehicles shall become actively involved in a high speed pursuit, unless specifically authorized by a supervisor.
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - New Mexico Statutes Chapter 29. Law Enforcement § 29-20-4. Pursuit policies - last updated May 06, 2021 | https://codes.findlaw.com/nm/chapter-29-law-enforcement/nm-st-sect-29-20-4/
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