The Legislature finds and declares that the federal Clean Air Act requires states
that have been determined to be in nonattainment for certain ambient air quality standards
to take extraordinary measures to reduce air emissions; and that among these measures
is an enhanced motor vehicle inspection and maintenance program.
The Legislature further finds and declares that the standards established by the United
States Environmental Protection Agency are based on computer modeling and not on scientific
testing; that the requirements of the Environmental Protection Agency regulations
therefore may not achieve the federal emission reduction goals for New Jersey; and
that officials of the Environmental Protection Agency are no longer mandating that
the State program require the use of the “I/M 240” test and have recently expressed
a greater flexibility in allowing states to make certain decisions in the implementation
of this enhanced inspection and maintenance program.
The Legislature further finds and declares that the inspection and maintenance program
being imposed by the Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to the federal law will
be expensive and burdensome on the citizens of this State, but that the alternative
to adopting this program is a series of federal sanctions that would result in the
loss of federal highway monies, more stringent permitting criteria for industry and
the imposition of an air pollution control program by the Environmental Protection
The Legislature further finds and declares that it would not adopt this enhanced motor
vehicle inspection and maintenance program if the federal government were not forcing
such action by the threat of the above-mentioned sanctions.
The Legislature further finds and declares that it shall take this opportunity to
improve the existing motor vehicle inspection system by authorizing competitive contracting
for or privatization of motor vehicle inspections and making other necessary legislative
reforms to the provisions of Title 39 of the Revised Statutes.
The Legislature therefore determines that an enhanced inspection and maintenance program
shall be adopted, that this inspection and maintenance program shall be as consumer-friendly
as possible and shall not use the “I/M 240” test, except as hereinafter specified,
and that advanced testing technologies, including but not limited to remote sensing,
shall be investigated and used for emission testing to the extent permitted by the
Environmental Protection Agency.
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