Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes, a free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes, visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.
(1) For each record filed in a filing office, the filing office shall:
(a) assign a unique number to the filed record;
(b) create a record that bears the number assigned to the filed record and the date and time of filing;
(c) maintain the filed record for public inspection; and
(d) index the filed record in accordance with subsections (3), (4), and (5).
(2) A file number assigned after January 1, 2002, must include a digit that:
(a) is mathematically derived from or related to the other digits of the file number; and
(b) enables the filing office to detect whether a number communicated as the file number includes a single-digit or transpositional error.
(3) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (4) and (5), the filing office shall:
(a) index an initial financing statement according to the name of the debtor and shall index all filed records relating to the initial financing statement in a manner that associates with one another an initial financing statement and all filed records relating to the initial financing statement; and
(b) index a record that provides a name of a debtor that was not previously provided in the financing statement to which the record relates also according to the name that was not previously provided.
(4) If a financing statement is filed as a fixture filing or covers as-extracted collateral or timber to be cut, it must be filed for record and the filing office shall index it:
(a) under the names of the debtor and of each owner of record shown on the financing statement as if they were the mortgagors under a mortgage of the real property described; and
(b) to the extent that the law of this state provides for indexing of mortgages under the name of the mortgagee, under the name of the secured party as if the secured party were the mortgagee thereunder, or if indexing is by description, as if the financing statement were a mortgage of the real property described.
(5) If a financing statement is filed as a fixture filing or covers as-extracted collateral or timber to be cut, the filing office shall index an assignment filed under 30-9A-514(1) or an amendment filed under 30-9A-514(2):
(a) under the name of the assignor as grantor; and
(b) to the extent that the law of this state provides for indexing the assignment of a mortgage under the name of the assignee, under the name of the assignee.
(6) The filing office shall maintain a capability:
(a) to retrieve a record by the name of the debtor and:
(i) if the filing office is described in 30-9A-501(1)(a), by the file number assigned to the initial financing statement to which the record relates and the date and time that the record was filed; or
(ii) if the filing office is described in 30-9A-501(1)(b), by the file number assigned to the initial financing statement to which the record relates; and
(b) to associate and retrieve with one another an initial financing statement and each filed record relating to the initial financing statement.
(7) The filing office may not remove a debtor's name from the index until 1 year after the effectiveness of a financing statement naming the debtor lapses under 30-9A-515 with respect to all secured parties of record.
(8) The filing office shall perform the acts required by subsections (1) through (5) at the time and in the manner prescribed by filing-office rule, but not later than 2 business days after the filing office receives the record in question.
(9) Subsections (2) and (8) do not apply to a filing office described in 30-9A-501(1)(a).
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - Montana Title 30. Trade and Commerce § 30-9A-519. Numbering, maintaining, and indexing records--communicating information provided in records - last updated April 27, 2021 | https://codes.findlaw.com/mt/title-30-trade-and-commerce/mt-code-ann-sect-30-9a-519/
FindLaw Codes may not reflect the most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction. Please verify the status of the code you are researching with the state legislature or via Westlaw before relying on it for your legal needs.