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Indiana Code Title 13. Environment § 13-24-1-11

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Sec. 11.  (a) The liability of a fiduciary under this title for the release or threatened release of petroleum at, from, or in connection with a petroleum facility held in a fiduciary capacity shall not exceed the assets held in the fiduciary capacity.

(b) Subsection (a) does not apply to the extent that a person is liable under this title independently of:

(1) the person's ownership of the petroleum facility as a fiduciary;  or

(2) actions taken in a fiduciary capacity.

(c) Subsections (a) and (d) do not limit the liability pertaining to a release or threatened release of petroleum if negligence of a fiduciary causes or contributes to the release or threatened release.

(d) A fiduciary is not liable in its personal capacity under this title for any of the following:

(1) Undertaking or directing another person to undertake a response action under 42 U.S.C. 9607(d)(1) or under the direction of an on-scene coordinator designated under the National Contingency Plan.

(2) Undertaking or directing another person to undertake other lawful means of addressing a hazardous substance in connection with the petroleum facility.

(3) Terminating the fiduciary relationship.

(4) Including in the terms of the fiduciary agreement a covenant, warranty, or other term or condition that relates to compliance with an environmental law, or monitoring, modifying, or enforcing the term or condition.

(5) Monitoring or undertaking at least one (1) inspection of the petroleum facility.

(6) Providing financial advice or other advice or counseling to other parties to the fiduciary relationship, including the settlor or beneficiary.

(7) Restructuring, renegotiating, or otherwise altering the terms and conditions of the fiduciary relationship.

(8) Administering, as a fiduciary, a vessel or facility that was contaminated before the fiduciary relationship began.

(9) Declining to take any of the actions referred to in subdivisions (2) through (8).

(e) This section does not apply to a person if the person:

(1) acts in a capacity other than:

(A) a fiduciary capacity;  or

(B) a beneficiary capacity;

and, in that capacity, directly or indirectly benefits from a trust or fiduciary relationship;  or

(2) is a beneficiary and a fiduciary with respect to the same fiduciary estate and, as a fiduciary, receives benefits that exceed customary or reasonable compensation and incidental benefits permitted under other applicable law.

(f) This section does not preclude a claim against the assets of the estate or trust administered by:

(1) the fiduciary;  or

(2) a nonemployee agent or independent contractor retained by a fiduciary.

(g) This section does not:

(1) affect the rights, immunities, or other defenses that are available under:

(A) this title;  or

(B) other law that is applicable to a person subject to this chapter;  or

(2) create:

(A) any liability for a person;  or

(B) a private right of action against a fiduciary or any other person.

Cite this article: - Indiana Code Title 13. Environment § 13-24-1-11 - last updated June 08, 2021 |

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