(a) Any physician licensed to practice medicine in all its branches or health care
provider who sees or treats children 6 years of age or younger shall test those children
for lead poisoning when those children reside in an area defined as high risk by the
Department. Children residing in areas defined as low risk by the Department shall be evaluated
for risk by the Childhood Lead Risk Questionnaire developed by the Department and
tested if indicated. Children shall be evaluated in accordance with rules adopted by the Department.
(b) Each licensed, registered, or approved health care facility serving children 6
years of age or younger, including, but not limited to, health departments, hospitals,
clinics, and health maintenance organizations approved, registered, or licensed by
the Department, shall take the appropriate steps to ensure that children 6 years of
age or younger be evaluated for risk or tested for lead poisoning or both.
(c) Children 7 years and older and pregnant persons may also be tested by physicians
or health care providers, in accordance with rules adopted by the Department. Physicians and health care providers shall also evaluate children for lead poisoning
in conjunction with the school health examination, as required under the School Code,
1 when, in the medical judgment of the physician, advanced practice registered nurse,
or physician assistant, the child is potentially at high risk of lead poisoning.
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