§ 1. Certain communicable diseases such as measles, poliomyelitis, invasive pneumococcal
disease, and tetanus, may and do result in serious physical and mental disability
including an intellectual disability, permanent paralysis, encephalitis, convulsions,
pneumonia, and not infrequently, death.
Most of these diseases attack young children, and if they have not been immunized,
may spread to other susceptible children and possibly, adults, thus, posing serious
threats to the health of the community. Effective, safe and widely used vaccines and immunization procedures have been developed
and are available to prevent these diseases and to limit their spread. Even though such immunization procedures are available, many children fail to receive
this protection either through parental oversight, lack of concern, knowledge or interest,
or lack of available facilities or funds. The existence of susceptible children in the community constitutes a health hazard
to the individual and to the public at large by serving as a focus for the spread
of these communicable diseases.
It is declared to be the public policy of this State that all children shall be protected,
as soon after birth as medically indicated, by the appropriate vaccines and immunizing
procedures to prevent communicable diseases which are or which may in the future become
preventable by immunization.
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