As used in this chapter and Chapters 2 through 11 of this title, the term:
(1) “Administrator” means any person appointed and qualified to administer an intestate estate, including an intestate estate already partially administered by an administrator and from any cause unrepresented.
(2) “Administrator with the will annexed” means any person, other than an executor, appointed and qualified to administer a testate estate, including a testate estate already partially administered and from any cause unrepresented.
(3) “Beneficiary” means a person, including a trust, who is designated in a will to take an interest in real or personal property.
(4) “Codicil” means an amendment to or republication of a will.
(5) “County administrator” means any individual or individuals appointed by the probate court of the county and qualified to represent an estate that is unrepresented and unlikely to be represented.
(6) “Descendants” means the lineal descendants of an individual including those individuals who are treated as lineal descendants by virtue of adoption.
(7) “Executor” means any person nominated in a will who has qualified to administer a testate estate, including a person nominated as alternative or successor executor.
(8) “Guardian” means the guardian ad litem or representative described in Code Section 53-11-2 who represents one or more parties to a probate court proceeding who are not sui juris, are unborn, or are unknown.
(9) “Heirs” means those one or more individuals who survive the decedent and are determined under the rules of inheritance to take the property of the decedent that is not disposed of by will.
(10) “Nominated executor” means any person nominated in the will to serve as executor who has not yet qualified to serve as executor.
(11) “Person” means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, joint-stock company, business trust, unincorporated organization, limited liability company, or two or more persons having a joint or common interest, including an individual or a business entity acting as a personal representative or in any other fiduciary capacity.
(12) “Personal representative” means any administrator, administrator with the will annexed, county administrator, or executor.
(13) “Qualified” means that a personal representative has taken the oath, posted any required bond, and been issued letters of administration or letters testamentary, as provided in this title.
(14) “Sui juris” means an individual is age 18 or over and not suffering from any legal disability.
(15) “Temporary administrator” means any person granted temporary letters of administration upon an unrepresented estate.
(16) “Testamentary gift” means the interest in real or personal property which a beneficiary is designated to take in a will.
(17) “Will” means the legal declaration of an individual's testamentary intention regarding that individual's property or other matters. Will includes the will and all codicils to the will.
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