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(a) As used in this Code section, the term:
(1) “Credit” means a state income tax credit against the tax imposed pursuant to this article in an amount equal to 10 percent of the taxpayer's qualified investment.
(2) “Qualified investment” means a cash investment in a legal entity in which the research fund has invested; provided, however, that such investment has been made by the taxpayer at the invitation of the research fund with the express intention of permitting the taxpayer making such qualified investment to qualify for the credit.
(3) “Research fund” means a fund that is an investment entity pursuant to paragraph (7) of Code Section 10-10-1, the purpose of which is to provide early-stage financing for businesses formed as a result of the intellectual property resulting from the research conducted in the research universities in this state.
(b) A taxpayer shall be entitled to a credit for any qualified investment, subject to the conditions and limitations set forth in this Code section. Once the total amount of qualified investments reaches $75 million, investors shall no longer be eligible for a credit pursuant to this subsection with respect to all subsequent qualified investments.
(c) The credit provided in subsection (b) of this Code section shall be subject to the following conditions and limitations:
(1) In no event shall the credit for a taxable year exceed the taxpayer's income tax liability. Any unused portion of the credit shall be permitted to be carried forward and applied to the taxpayer's tax liability for the subsequent ten years. The credit shall not be applied against the taxpayer's prior years' tax liabilities;
(2) The utilization of the credit shall have no effect on the taxpayer's basis in its investment;
(3) A taxpayer shall only be allowed a credit for a qualified investment if the research fund issues to such taxpayer a certification that such investment meets the requirements of this Code section. Such certification shall include the taxpayer's name, address, the last four digits of the taxpayer's social security number or the employer identification number, as appropriate, the date, the amount of the qualified investment, and the amount of the credit to which the taxpayer is entitled;
(4) If the taxpayer is a Georgia Subchapter “S” corporation, a partnership, or a limited liability company taxed as a partnership, the credit shall be claimed by the respective shareholders, partners, or members of such entities in the same manner as they would account for their proportionate shares of income or loss from such entities. For the purposes of this Code section, such shareholders, partners, or members shall be considered to have made the qualified investments attributable to their interest in such entities; and
(5) A taxpayer shall not claim the credit provided in subsection (b) of this Code section for a cash investment into the research fund.
(d) The research fund shall provide the department at least on an annual basis a report that includes the taxpayer's name, the last four digits of the taxpayer's social security number or the employer identification number, as appropriate, and the amount of the taxpayer's qualified investment for which the research fund has issued to such taxpayer the certification pursuant to paragraph (3) of subsection (c) of this Code section. The research fund shall file this report with the department no later than January 31 of the year following the end of the reporting year.
(e) The commissioner may require such reports, promulgate such regulations, and gather such relevant data deemed necessary and advisable for the implementation of this Code section.
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - Georgia Code Title 48. Revenue and Taxation § 48-7-40.28 - last updated April 14, 2021 | https://codes.findlaw.com/ga/title-48-revenue-and-taxation/ga-code-sect-48-7-40-28/
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