(1) The Legislature hereby finds and declares that among the many causes of deterioration
in the business and residential neighborhoods of the state are the following: proliferation
of crime, automobile traffic flow strangled by outmoded street patterns, unsuitable
topography, faulty lot layouts, fragmentation of land uses and parking areas necessitating
frequent automobile movement, lack of separation of pedestrian areas from automobile
traffic, lack of separation of vehicle traffic lanes and railroad traffic, and excessive
noise levels from automobile traffic.
(2) The Legislature further finds and declares that safe neighborhoods are the product
of planning and implementation of appropriate environmental design concepts, comprehensive
crime prevention programs, land use recommendations, and beautification techniques.
(3) The Legislature further finds and declares that the provisions of this part and
the powers granted to local governments, property owners' associations, special dependent
districts, and community redevelopment neighborhood improvement districts are desirable
to guide and accomplish the coordinated, balanced, and harmonious development of safe
neighborhoods; to promote the health, safety, and general welfare of these areas
and their inhabitants, visitors, property owners, and workers; to establish, maintain,
and preserve property values and preserve and foster the development of attractive
neighborhood and business environments; to prevent overcrowding and congestion; to
improve or redirect automobile traffic and provide pedestrian safety; to reduce crime
rates and the opportunities for the commission of crime; and to provide improvements
in neighborhoods so they are defensible against crime.
(4) It is the intent of the Legislature to assist local governments in implementing
plans that employ crime prevention through community policing innovations, environmental
design, environmental security, and defensible space techniques to establish safe
neighborhoods. The Legislature, therefore, declares that the development, redevelopment, preservation,
and revitalization of neighborhoods in this state, and all the purposes of this part,
are public purposes for which public money may be borrowed, expended, loaned, and
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