(a) The Mayor may examine the habitability and sanitary condition of all buildings
in the District of Columbia, to condemn those buildings which are in such insanitary
condition as to endanger the health or lives of the occupants thereof or persons living
in the vicinity, and to cause all buildings to be habitable and sanitary or to be
demolished and removed. The Mayor may authorize and direct the performance of the duties imposed on him by
this chapter by such officers, agents, employees, contractors, employees of contractors,
and other persons as may be designated, detailed, employed, or appointed by the said
Mayor to carry out the purposes of this chapter. The Mayor or his designated agent or agents are authorized to investigate, through
personal inquiry and inspection, into the habitability and sanitary condition of a
building or part of a building in said District, except such as are under the exclusive
jurisdiction of the United States. The Mayor, and all persons acting under his authority and the authority contained
in this chapter, may, between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., peaceably enter
into and upon any and all lands and buildings in said District for the purpose of
inspecting the same. If the unsafe building or structure is an historic landmark or is located in an historic
district, as defined in § 6-1102(5), the Mayor shall not order or cause the building or structure, or portion thereof,
to be removed or taken down, unless the Mayor determines, in consultation with the
State Historic Preservation Officer, as defined in § 6-1102(12), that:
(1) There is an extreme and immediate threat to public safety resulting from unsafe
structural conditions; and
(2) The unsafe condition cannot be abated by shoring, stabilizing, or securing the
building or structure.
(b) As used in this section, the terms “uninhabitable” or “uninhabitability” mean
the condition of being in an unlivable condition due to deterioration and infestation,
improper maintenance, decaying structures, insufficient light or ventilation, inadequate
plumbing, defective electrical system, or general filthy conditions that may cause
health and safety concerns for the public, or that is a fire hazard or nuisance.
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