(1) The medical assistance program in this state shall include private-duty nursing
to persons who are technology dependent and otherwise eligible as provided under this
(2) A recipient is eligible for private-duty nursing services if he or she:
(a) Is dependent on technology at least part of each day;
(b) Requires private-duty nursing care as determined in accordance with state department
(c) Is able to be served safely under the limitations of the private-duty nursing
benefit and within the availability of services; and
(d) Is not residing in a nursing facility or hospital at the time of the delivery
of the private-duty nursing services.
(3)(a) The state board shall establish rules in accordance with this section that
identify medical criteria for determining the circumstances under which private-duty
nursing services will be delivered to assure that only persons who need the services
receive them and only to the extent medically necessary.
(b) Private-duty nursing services shall not be provided as twenty-four-hour care except
in special circumstances and for limited time periods as established by the state
department pursuant to this section.
(c) The home health agency, in conjunction with the family or in-home caregiver and
the attending physician, shall include in a care plan that includes private-duty nursing
services a process by which the eligible person may receive necessary care, which
may include respite care, if the family or in-home caregiver is unavailable due to
an emergency situation or to unforeseen circumstances. The family or in-home caregiver shall be duly informed by the home health agency
of these alternative care provisions at the time the care plan is initiated.
(4) As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires, “private-duty nursing” means nursing care that is more individualized and continuous than both the nursing
care available under the home health benefit and the nursing care routinely provided
in a hospital or nursing facility.
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