(a) In most instances, you should not count costs of patents and other intellectual property
(e.g., copyrighted material, including software) as cost sharing, because:
(1) It is difficult to assign values to these intangible contributions;
(2) Their value usually is a manifestation of prior research costs, which are not allowed
as cost share under § 37.545; and
(3) Contributions of intellectual property rights generally do not represent the same
cost of lost opportunity to a recipient as contributions of cash or tangible assets. The purpose of cost share is to ensure that the recipient incurs real risk that
gives it a vested interest in the project's success.
(b) You may include costs associated with intellectual property if the costs are based
on sound estimates of market value of the contribution. For example, a for-profit firm may offer the use of commercially available software
for which there is an established license fee for use of the product. The costs of the development of the software would not be a reasonable basis for
valuing its use.
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