California Code, Penal Code - PEN § 1054

Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes, a free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes, visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.

This chapter shall be interpreted to give effect to all of the following purposes:

(a) To promote the ascertainment of truth in trials by requiring timely pretrial discovery.

(b) To save court time by requiring that discovery be conducted informally between and among the parties before judicial enforcement is requested.

(c) To save court time in trial and avoid the necessity for frequent interruptions and postponements.

(d) To protect victims and witnesses from danger, harassment, and undue delay of the proceedings.

(e) To provide that no discovery shall occur in criminal cases except as provided by this chapter, other express statutory provisions, or as mandated by the Constitution of the United States.

Sec. 28. All signals required under this chapter may be given by hand and arm.  A signal given under this section shall be given from the left side of the vehicle in the following manner:

(1) A left turn is indicated by extending the hand and arm horizontally.

(2) A right turn is indicated by extending the hand and arm upward.

(3) A stop or decreased speed is indicated by extending the hand and arm downward.

Cite this article: - California Code, Penal Code - PEN § 1054 - last updated January 01, 2019 |

FindLaw Codes may not reflect the most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction. Please verify the status of the code you are researching with the state legislature or via Westlaw before relying on it for your legal needs.

Copied to clipboard