(1) The term C.I.F. means that the price includes in a lump sum the cost of the goods
and the insurance and freight to the named destination. The term C. & F. or C.F. means that the price so includes cost and freight to the
(2) Unless otherwise agreed and even though used only in connection with the stated
price and destination, the term C.I.F. destination or its equivalent requires the
seller at his own expense and risk to
(a) Put the goods into the possession of a carrier at the port for shipment and obtain
a negotiable bill or bills of lading covering the entire transportation to the named
(b) Load the goods and obtain a receipt from the carrier (which may be contained in
the bill of lading) showing that the freight has been paid or provided for; and
(c) Obtain a policy or certificate of insurance, including any war risk insurance,
of a kind and on terms then current at the port of shipment in the usual amount, in
the currency of the contract, shown to cover the same goods covered by the bill of
lading and providing for payment of loss to the order of the buyer or for the account
of whom it may concern; but the seller may add to the price the amount of the premium
for any such war risk insurance; and
(d) Prepare an invoice of the goods and procure any other documents required to effect
shipment or to comply with the contract; and
(e) Forward and tender with commercial promptness all the documents in due form and
with any indorsement necessary to perfect the buyer's rights.
(3) Unless otherwise agreed the term C. & F. or its equivalent has the same effect
and imposes upon the seller the same obligations and risks as a C.I.F. term except
the obligation as to insurance.
(4) Under the term C.I.F. or C. & F. unless otherwise agreed the buyer must make payment
against tender of the required documents and the seller may not tender nor the buyer
demand delivery of the goods in substitution for the documents.
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