Arkansas Code Title 11. Labor and Industrial Relations § 11-9-702. Compensation claims--Filing

(a) TIME FOR FILING.

(1) A claim for compensation for disability on account of an injury, other than an occupational disease and occupational infection, shall be barred unless filed with the Workers' Compensation Commission within two (2) years from the date of the compensable injury.  If during the two-year period following the filing of the claim the claimant receives no weekly benefit compensation and receives no medical treatment resulting from the alleged injury, the claim shall be barred thereafter.  For purposes of this section, the date of the compensable injury shall be defined as the date an injury is caused by an accident as set forth in § 11-9-102(4) .

(2)(A) A claim for compensation for disability on account of injury which is either an occupational disease or occupational infection shall be barred unless filed with the commission within two (2) years from the date of the last injurious exposure to the hazards of the disease or infection.

(B) However, a claim for compensation for disability on account of silicosis or asbestosis must be filed with the commission within one (1) year after the time of disablement, and the disablement must occur within three (3) years from the date of the last injurious exposure to the hazard of silicosis or asbestosis.

(C) Also, a claim for compensation for disability on account of a disease condition caused by exposure to X rays, radioactive substances, or ionizing radiation only must be filed with the commission within two (2) years from the date the condition is made known to an employee following examination and diagnosis by a medical doctor.

(3) A claim for compensation on account of death shall be barred unless filed with the commission within two (2) years of the date of such a death.

(4) If within six (6) months after the filing of a claim for compensation no bona fide request for a hearing has been made with respect to the claim, the claim may, upon motion and after hearing, be dismissed without prejudice to the refiling of the claim within limitation periods specified in subdivisions (a)(1)-(3) of this section.

(b) TIME FOR FILING ADDITIONAL COMPENSATION.

(1) In cases in which any compensation, including disability or medical, has been paid on account of injury, a claim for additional compensation shall be barred unless filed with the commission within one (1) year from the date of the last payment of compensation or two (2) years from the date of the injury, whichever is greater.

(2) The time limitations of this subsection shall not apply to claims for the replacement of medicine, crutches, ambulatory devices, artificial limbs, eyeglasses, contact lenses, hearing aids, and other apparatus permanently or indefinitely required as the result of a compensable injury, when the employer or carrier previously furnished such medical supplies, but replacement of such items shall not constitute payment of compensation so as to toll the running of the statute of limitations.

(c) A claim for additional compensation must specifically state that it is a claim for additional compensation.  Documents which do not specifically request additional benefits shall not be considered a claim for additional compensation.

(d) If within six (6) months after the filing of a claim for additional compensation no bona fide request for a hearing has been made with respect to the claim, the claim may, upon motion and after hearing, if necessary, be dismissed without prejudice to the refiling of the claim within the limitation period specified in subsection (b) of this section.

(e) FAILURE TO FILE.  Failure to file a claim within the period prescribed in subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall not be a bar to the right unless objection to the failure is made at the first hearing on the claim in which all parties in interest have been given a reasonable notice and opportunity to be heard.

(f) PERSONS UNDER DISABILITY.

(1) Notwithstanding any statute of limitation provided for in this chapter, when it is established that failure to file a claim by an injured employee or his or her dependents was induced by fraud, the claim may be filed within one (1) year from the time of the discovery of the fraud.

(2) Subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall not apply to a mental incompetent or minor so long as the person has no guardian or similar legal representative.  The limitations prescribed in subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall apply to the mental incompetent or minor from the date of the appointment of a guardian or similar legal representative for that person, and when no guardian or similar representative has been appointed, to a minor upon obtainment of majority.

(g)(1) A latent injury or condition shall not delay or toll the limitation periods specified in this section.

(2) However, this subsection shall not apply to the limitation period for occupational diseases specified in subdivision (a)(2) of this section.

(h)(1) The purpose of this section is to provide for a timely hearing on claims for benefits.

(2) The purpose and intent of this section also includes the annulment of any case law inconsistent with this section.


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