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(1) The petitioner shall file a petition for expungement and, except as provided in Subsection 77-40-103(5), the certificate of eligibility in the court specified in Section 77-40-103 and deliver a copy of the petition and certificate to the prosecuting agency. If the certificate is filed electronically, the petitioner or the petitioner's attorney shall keep the original certificate until the proceedings are concluded. If the original certificate is filed with the petition, the clerk of the court shall scan it and return it to the petitioner or the petitioner's attorney, who shall keep it until the proceedings are concluded.
(2)(a) Upon receipt of a petition for expungement of a conviction or a charge dismissed in accordance with a plea in abeyance, the prosecuting attorney shall provide notice of the expungement request by first-class mail to the victim at the most recent address of record on file.
(b) The notice shall:
(i) include a copy of the petition, certificate of eligibility, statutes, and rules applicable to the petition;
(ii) state that the victim has a right to object to the expungement; and
(iii) provide instructions for registering an objection with the court.
(3) The prosecuting attorney and the victim, if applicable, may respond to the petition by filing a recommendation or objection with the court within 35 days after receipt of the petition.
(4)(a) The court may request a written response to the petition from the Division of Adult Probation and Parole within the Department of Corrections.
(b) If requested, the response prepared by the Division of Adult Probation and Parole shall include:
(i) the reasons probation was terminated; and
(ii) certification that the petitioner has completed all requirements of sentencing and probation or parole.
(c) The Division of Adult Probation and Parole shall provide a copy of the response to the petitioner and the prosecuting attorney.
(5) The petitioner may respond in writing to any objections filed by the prosecutor or the victim and the response prepared by the Division of Adult Probation and Parole within 14 days after receipt.
(6)(a) If the court receives an objection concerning the petition from any party, the court shall set a date for a hearing and notify the petitioner and the prosecuting attorney of the date set for the hearing. The prosecuting attorney shall notify the victim of the date set for the hearing.
(b) The petitioner, the prosecuting attorney, the victim, and any other person who has relevant information about the petitioner may testify at the hearing.
(c) The court shall review the petition, the certificate of eligibility, and any written responses submitted regarding the petition.
(7) If no objection is received within 60 days from the date the petition for expungement is filed with the court, the expungement may be granted without a hearing.
(8) The court shall issue an order of expungement if the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that:
(a) the petition and, except as provided under Subsection 77-40-103(5), certificate of eligibility are sufficient;
(b) the statutory requirements have been met;
(c) if the petitioner seeks expungement after a case is dismissed without prejudice or without condition, the prosecutor provided written consent and has not filed and does not intend to refile related charges;
(d) if the petitioner seeks expungement of drug possession offenses allowed under Subsection 77-40-105(7), the petitioner is not illegally using controlled substances and is successfully managing any substance addiction;
(e) if the petitioner seeks expungement without a certificate of eligibility for expungement under Subsection 77-40-103(5) for a record of conviction related to cannabis possession:
(i) the petitioner had, at the time of the relevant arrest or citation leading to the conviction, a qualifying condition, as that term is defined in Section 26-61a-102; and
(ii) the possession of cannabis in question was in a form and an amount to medicinally treat the condition described in Subsection (8)(e)(i);
(f) if an objection is received, the petition for expungement is for a charge dismissed in accordance with a plea in abeyance agreement, and the charge is an offense eligible to be used for enhancement, there is good cause for the court to grant the expungement; and
(g) it is not contrary to the interests of the public to grant the expungement.
(9)(a) If the court denies a petition described in Subsection (8)(c) because the prosecutor intends to refile charges, the person seeking expungement may again apply for a certificate of eligibility if charges are not refiled within 180 days of the day on which the court denies the petition.
(b) A prosecutor who opposes an expungement of a case dismissed without prejudice or without condition shall have a good faith basis for the intention to refile the case.
(c) A court shall consider the number of times that good faith basis of intention to refile by the prosecutor is presented to the court in making the court's determination to grant the petition for expungement described in Subsection (8)(c).
(10) If the court grants a petition described in Subsection (8)(e), the court shall make the court's findings in a written order.
(11) A court may not expunge a conviction of an offense for which a certificate of eligibility may not be or should not have been issued under Section 77-40-104 or 77-40-105.
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - Utah Code Title 77. Utah Code of Criminal Procedure § 77-40-107. Petition for expungement--Prosecutorial responsibility--Hearing--Standard of proof--Exception - last updated May 05, 2022 | https://codes.findlaw.com/ut/title-77-utah-code-of-criminal-procedure/ut-code-sect-77-40-107/
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