Utah Code Title 18. Dogs § 18-1-1. Liability and damages for dog injury--Exceptions

Welcome to FindLaw's Cases & Codes, a free source of state and federal court opinions, state laws, and the United States Code. For more information about the legal concepts addressed by these cases and statutes, visit FindLaw's Learn About the Law.

(1)(a) Except as provided in Subsections (2) and (3), a person who owns or keeps a dog is liable for an injury caused by the dog, regardless of whether:

(i) the dog is vicious or mischievous;  or

(ii) the owner knows the dog is vicious or mischievous.

(b) Damages for an injury described in Subsection (1)(a) shall be determined in accordance with Section 78B-5-818.

(2) Neither the state nor any county, city, metro township, or town in the state nor any peace officer employed by the state, a county, a city, a metro township, or a town shall be liable in damages for an injury caused by a dog, if:

(a) the dog and the dog's law enforcement handler are trained to assist in law enforcement and are certified according to the standards adopted in Title 53, Chapter 6, Part 4, Law Enforcement Canine Team Certification Act;

(b) the governmental agency has adopted a written policy on the necessary and appropriate use of dogs in official law enforcement duties;

(c) the actions of the dog's handler do not violate the agency's written policy;  and

(d) the injury occurs while the dog is reasonably and carefully being used in the apprehension, arrest, or location of a suspected offender or in maintaining or controlling the public order.

(3) A person who owns or keeps a dog is not liable for an injury or death caused by the dog if:

(a) the injury or death is to another animal;

(b) the injury or death occurs:

(i) on the person's private property;  and

(ii) while the dog is reasonably secured within a fence or other enclosure;  and

(c) the animal described in Subsection (3)(a) entered the person's private property without consent.

Cite this article: FindLaw.com - Utah Code Title 18. Dogs § 18-1-1. Liability and damages for dog injury--Exceptions - last updated May 05, 2022 | https://codes.findlaw.com/ut/title-18-dogs/ut-code-sect-18-1-1.html


FindLaw Codes may not reflect the most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction. Please verify the status of the code you are researching with the state legislature or via Westlaw before relying on it for your legal needs.

Copied to clipboard