Utah Code Effective Dates of Acts

CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS

Const. Art. 6, § 25 provides:

§ 25. [Publication of acts--Effective dates of acts]

All acts shall be officially published, and no act shall take effect until sixty days after the adjournment of the session at which it passed, unless the Legislature by a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, shall otherwise direct.

Const. Art. 7, § 8 provides:

§ 8. [Bills presented to governor for approval and veto--Items of appropriation--Legislative session to consider vetoed items]

(1) Each bill passed by the Legislature, before it becomes a law, shall be presented to the governor. If the bill is approved, the governor shall sign it, and thereupon it shall become a law. If the bill is disapproved,it shall be returned with the governor's objections to the house in which it originated. That house shall then enter the objections upon its journal and proceed to reconsider the bill. If upon reconsideration the bill again passes both houses by a yea and nay vote of two-thirds of the member selected to each house, it shall become a law.

(2) If any bill is not returned by the governor within ten days after it has been presented to the governor, Sunday and the day it was received excepted, it shall become a law without a signature. If legislative adjournment prevents return of the bill, it shall become a law unless the governor within twenty days after adjournment files the objections to it with such officers as provided by law.

(3) The governor may disapprove any item of appropriation contained in any bill while approving other portions of the bill. In such case the governor shall append to the bill at the time of signing it a statement of the item or items which are disapproved, together with the reasons for disapproval, and the item or items may not take effect unless passed over the governor's objections as provided in this section.

(4) If the governor disapproves any bill or item of appropriation after the adjournment sine die of any session of the Legislature, the presiding officer of each house shall poll the members of that house on the matter of reconvening the Legislature. If two-thirds of the members of each house are in favor of reconvening, the Legislature shall be convened in a session that shall begin within 60 days after the adjournment of the session at which the disapproved bill or item of appropriation passed. This session may not exceed five calendar days and shall be convened at a time set jointly by the presiding officer of each house solely for the purpose of reconsidering the bill or item of appropriation disapproved. If upon reconsideration, the bill or item of appropriation again passes both houses of the Legislature by a yea and nay vote of two-thirds of the members elected to each house, the bill shall become law or the item of appropriation shall take effect on the original effective date of the law or item of appropriation.

STATUTORY PROVISIONS

U.C.A. § 20A-7-212 provides:

§ 20A-7-212

(1) A proposed law submitted to the Legislature by initiative petition and enacted by them takes effect 60 days after the final adjournment of the session of the Legislature that passed it, unless a different effective date is included in the proposed law and the proposed law passes the Legislature by a two-thirds vote of the members elected to each house of the Legislature.

(2)(a) Any proposed law submitted to the people by initiative petition that is approved by the voters at any election does not take effect until at least five days after the date of the official proclamation of the vote by the governor.

(b) Any act or law submitted to the people by initiative that is approved by the voters at any election takes effect on the date specified in the initiative petition.

(c) If the initiative petition does not specify an effective date, a law approved by the voters at any election takes effect five days after the date of the official proclamation of the vote by the governor.

(3)(a) The governor may not veto a law adopted by the people.

(b) The Legislature may amend any initiative approved by the people at any legislative session.

U.C.A. § 20A-7-311 provides:

§ 20A-7-311

(1)(a) Any proposed law submitted to the people by referendum petition that is approved by the voters at any election does not take effect until at least five days after the date of the official proclamation of the vote by the governor.

(b) Any act or law submitted to the people by referendum that is approved by the voters at any election takes effect on the date specified in the referendum petition.

(c) If the referendum petition does not specify an effective date, a law approved by the voters at any election takes effect five days after the date of the official proclamation of the vote by the governor.

(2)(a) The governor may not veto a law adopted by the people.

(b) The Legislature may amend any laws approved by the people at any legislative session after the law has taken effect.


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