5 U.S.C. § 701 - U.S. Code - Unannotated Title 5. Government Organization and Employees § 701. Application;  definitions

(a)  This chapter applies, according to the provisions thereof, except to the extent that--

(1)  statutes preclude judicial review;  or

(2)  agency action is committed to agency discretion by law.

(b)  For the purpose of this chapter--

(1)  “agency” means each authority of the Government of the United States, whether or not it is within or subject to review by another agency, but does not include--

(A)  the Congress;

(B)  the courts of the United States;

(C)  the governments of the territories or possessions of the United States;

(D)  the government of the District of Columbia;

(E)  agencies composed of representatives of the parties or of representatives of organizations of the parties to the disputes determined by them;

(F)  courts martial and military commissions;

(G)  military authority exercised in the field in time of war or in occupied territory;  or

(H)  functions conferred by sections 1738 , 1739 , 1743 , and 1744 of title 12 ;  subchapter II of chapter 471 of title 49;  or sections 1884, 1891-1902, and former section 1641(b)(2), of title 50, appendix;  and

(2)  “person”, “rule”, “order”, “license”, “sanction”, “relief”, and “agency action” have the meanings given them by section 551 of this title.

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