(1) that the predominant part of the Nation's population is located in its rapidly expanding
metropolitan and other urban areas, which generally cross the boundary lines of local
jurisdictions and often extend into two or more States;
(2) that the growth in the amount and complexity of air pollution brought about by urbanization,
industrial development, and the increasing use of motor vehicles, has resulted in
mounting dangers to the public health and welfare, including injury to agricultural
crops and livestock, damage to and the deterioration of property, and hazards to air
and ground transportation;
(3) that air pollution prevention (that is, the reduction or elimination, through any
measures, of the amount of pollutants produced or created at the source) and air pollution
control at its source is the primary responsibility of States and local governments;
(4) that Federal financial assistance and leadership is essential for the development
of cooperative Federal, State, regional, and local programs to prevent and control
The purposes of this subchapter are--
(1) to protect and enhance the quality of the Nation's air resources so as to promote
the public health and welfare and the productive capacity of its population;
(2) to initiate and accelerate a national research and development program to achieve
the prevention and control of air pollution;
(3) to provide technical and financial assistance to State and local governments in connection
with the development and execution of their air pollution prevention and control programs;
(4) to encourage and assist the development and operation of regional air pollution prevention
and control programs.
A primary goal of this chapter is to encourage or otherwise promote reasonable Federal,
State, and local governmental actions, consistent with the provisions of this chapter,
for pollution prevention.
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