(a) No authority convening a general, special, or summary court-martial, nor any other
commanding officer, may censure, reprimand, or admonish the court or any member, military
judge, or counsel thereof, with respect to the findings or sentence adjudged by the
court, or with respect to any other exercise of its or his functions in the conduct
of the proceeding. No person subject to this chapter may attempt to coerce or, by any unauthorized
means, influence the action of a court-martial or any other military tribunal or any
member thereof, in reaching the findings or sentence in any case, or the action of
any convening, approving, or reviewing authority with respect to his judicial acts. The foregoing provisions of the subsection shall not apply with respect to (1) general
instructional or informational courses in military justice if such courses are designed
solely for the purpose of instructing members of a command in the substantive and
procedural aspects of courts-martial, or (2) to statements and instructions given
in open court by the military judge, president of a special court-martial, or counsel.
(b) In the preparation of an effectiveness, fitness, or efficiency report, or any other
report or document used in whole or in part for the purpose of determining whether
a member of the armed forces is qualified to be advanced, in grade, or in determining
the assignment or transfer of a member of the armed forces or in determining whether
a member of the armed forces should be retained on active duty, no person subject
to this chapter may, in preparing any such report (1) consider or evaluate the performance
of duty of any such member as a member of a court-martial, or (2) give a less favorable
rating or evaluation of any member of the armed forces because of the zeal with which
such member, as counsel, represented any accused before a court-martial.
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