Texas Property Code § 23.006. Access Easement for Partitioned Property

(a) Unless waived by the parties in an action to partition property under this chapter, the commissioners appointed to partition property shall grant a nonexclusive access easement on a tract of partitioned property for the purpose of providing reasonable ingress to and egress from an adjoining partitioned tract that does not have a means of access through a public road or an existing easement appurtenant to the tract.  The order granting the access easement shall contain a legal description of the easement.

(b) Unless waived by the parties in writing in a private partition agreement, the property owner of a partitioned tract that has a means of access through a public road or an existing easement appurtenant to the tract shall grant in the private partition agreement a nonexclusive access easement on the owner's partitioned tract for the purpose of providing reasonable ingress to and egress from an adjoining partitioned tract that does not have a means of access through a public road or an existing easement appurtenant to the tract.

(c) The access easement may not be a width greater than a width prescribed by a municipality or county for a right-of-way on a street or road.  The access easement route must be the shortest route to the adjoining tract that:

(1) causes the least amount of damage to the tract subject to the easement;  and

(2) is located the greatest reasonable distance from the primary residence and related improvements located on the tract subject to the easement.

(d) The adjoining tract owner who is granted an access easement under this section shall maintain the easement and keep the easement open for public use.


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