Texas Code of Criminal Procedure - CRIM P Art. 19.31 Art. 19.31. [362] [413] [401] Challenge to Juror

(a) A challenge to a particular grand juror may be made orally for any of the following causes :

1. That the juror is insane;

2. That the juror has such defect in the organs of feeling or hearing, or such bodily or mental defect or disease as to render the juror unfit for jury service, or that the juror is legally blind and the court in its discretion is not satisfied that the juror is fit for jury service in that particular case;

3. That the juror is a witness in or a target of an investigation of a grand jury;

4. That the juror served on a petit jury in a former trial of the same alleged conduct or offense that the grand jury is investigating;

5. That the juror has a bias or prejudice in favor of or against the person accused or suspected of committing an offense that the grand jury is investigating;

6. That from hearsay, or otherwise, there is established in the mind of the juror such a conclusion as to the guilt or innocence of the person accused or suspected of committing an offense that the grand jury is investigating as would influence the juror's vote on the presentment of an indictment;

7. That the juror is related within the third degree by consanguinity or affinity, as determined under Chapter 573, Government Code, to a person accused or suspected of committing an offense that the grand jury is investigating or to a person who is a victim of an offense that the grand jury is investigating;

8. That the juror has a bias or prejudice against any phase of the law upon which the state is entitled to rely for an indictment;

9. That the juror is not a qualified juror;  and

10. That the juror is the prosecutor upon an accusation against the person making the challenge.

(b) A challenge under Subsection (a)(3) may be made ex parte and shall be reviewed and ruled on in an in camera proceeding.  The court shall seal any record of the challenge.

(c) In this article, “legally blind” has the meaning assigned by Article 35.16(a) .


FindLaw Codes are provided courtesy of Thomson Reuters Westlaw, the industry-leading online legal research system. For more detailed codes research information, including annotations and citations, please visit Westlaw.

FindLaw Codes may not reflect the most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction. Please verify the status of the code you are researching with the state legislature or via Westlaw before relying on it for your legal needs.