Texas Business and Commerce Code § 20.06. Dispute Procedure

(a) If the completeness or accuracy of information contained in a consumer's file is disputed by the consumer and the consumer notifies the consumer reporting agency of the dispute, the agency shall reinvestigate the disputed information free of charge and record the current status of the disputed information not later than the 30th business day after the date on which the agency receives the notice.  The consumer reporting agency shall provide the consumer with the option of notifying the agency of a dispute concerning the consumer's file by speaking directly to a representative of the agency during normal business hours.

(b) Not later than the fifth business day after the date on which a consumer reporting agency receives notice of a dispute from a consumer in accordance with Subsection (a), the agency shall provide notice of the dispute to each person who provided any information related to the dispute.

(c) A consumer reporting agency may terminate a reinvestigation of information disputed by a consumer under Subsection (a) if the agency reasonably determines that the dispute is frivolous or irrelevant.  An agency that terminates a reinvestigation of disputed information under this subsection shall promptly notify the consumer of the termination and the reasons for the termination by mail, or if authorized by the consumer, by telephone.  The presence of contradictory information in a consumer's file does not by itself constitute reasonable grounds for determining that the dispute is frivolous or irrelevant.

(d) If disputed information is found to be inaccurate or cannot be verified after a reinvestigation under Subsection (a), the consumer reporting agency, unless otherwise directed by the consumer, shall promptly delete the information from the consumer's file, revise the consumer file, and provide the revised consumer report to the consumer and to each person who requested the consumer report within the preceding six months.  The consumer reporting agency may not report the inaccurate or unverified information in subsequent reports.

(e) Information deleted under Subsection (d) may not be reinserted in the consumer's file unless the person who furnishes the information to the consumer reporting agency reinvestigates and states in writing or by electronic record to the agency that the information is complete and accurate.

(f) A consumer reporting agency shall provide written notice of the results of a reinvestigation or reinsertion made under this section not later than the fifth business day after the date on which the reinvestigation or reinsertion has been completed.  The notice must include:

(1) a statement that the reinvestigation is complete;

(2) a statement of the determination made by the agency on the completeness or accuracy of the disputed information;

(3) a copy of the consumer's file or consumer report and a description of the results of the reinvestigation;

(4) a statement that a description of the procedure used to determine the accuracy and completeness of the information shall be provided to the consumer by the agency on request, including the name, business address, and, if available, the telephone number of each person contacted in connection with the information;

(5) a statement that the consumer is entitled to add a statement to the consumer's file disputing the accuracy or completeness of the information as provided by Section 611 of the Fair Credit Reporting Act ( 15 U.S.C. Section 1681i ), as amended;  and

(6) a statement that the consumer may be entitled to dispute resolution as prescribed by this section, after the consumer receives the notice specified under this subsection.

(g) This section does not require a person who obtains a consumer report for resale to another person to alter or correct an inaccuracy in the consumer report if the report was not assembled or prepared by the person.

(h) This section applies to a business offering check verification or check guarantee services in this state.


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