Pennsylvania Statutes Title 72 P.S. Taxation and Fiscal Affairs § 9116. Inheritance tax

(a)(1) Inheritance tax upon the transfer of property passing to or for the use of any of the following shall be at the rate of four and one-half per cent:

(i) grandfather, grandmother, father, mother, except transfers under subclause (1.2), and lineal descendants;  or

(ii) wife or widow and husband or widower of a child.

(1.1) Inheritance tax upon the transfer of property passing to or for the use of a husband or wife shall be:

(i) At the rate of three per cent for estates of decedents dying on or after July 1, 1994, and before January 1, 1995.

(ii) At a rate of zero per cent for estates of decedents dying on or after January 1, 1995.

(1.2) Inheritance tax upon the transfer of property from a child twenty-one years of age or younger to or for the use of a natural parent, an adoptive parent or a stepparent of the child shall be at the rate of zero per cent.

(1.3) Inheritance tax upon the transfer of property passing to or for the use of a sibling shall be at the rate of twelve per cent.

<Section 32 of Act 2019, June 28, P.L. 50, No. 13 , provides that the addition of subsec. (a)(1.4) by that Act shall apply to property transferred by a natural parent, an adoptive parent or a stepparent who dies after December 31, 2019.>

(1.4) Inheritance tax upon the transfer of property to or for the use of a child twenty-one years of age or younger from a natural parent, an adoptive parent or a stepparent of the child shall be at the rate of zero per cent.

<Section 32 of Act 2019, June 28, P.L. 50, No. 13 , provides that the amendment of subsec. (a)(2) by that Act shall apply to property transferred by a natural parent, an adoptive parent or a stepparent who dies after December 31, 2019.>

(2) Inheritance tax upon the transfer of property passing to or for the use of all persons other than those designated in subclause (1), (1.1), (1.2), (1.3) or (1.4) or exempt under section 2111(m) shall be at the rate of fifteen per cent.

(3) When property passes to or for the use of a husband and wife with right of survivorship, one of whom is taxable at a rate lower than the other, the lower rate of tax shall be applied to the entire interest.

(b)(1) When the decedent was a resident, the tax shall be computed upon the value of the property, in excess of the deductions specified in Part VI, at the rates in effect at the transferor's death.

(2) When the decedent was a nonresident, the tax shall be computed upon the value of real property and tangible personal property having its situs in this Commonwealth, in excess of unpaid property taxes assessed on the property and any indebtedness for which it is liened, mortgaged or pledged, at the rates in effect at the transferor's death.  The person liable to make the return under section 2136  1 may elect to have the tax computed as if the decedent was a resident and his entire estate was property having its situs in this Commonwealth, and the tax due shall be the amount which bears the same ratio to the tax thus computed as the real property and tangible personal property located in this Commonwealth bears to the entire estate of the decedent.

(b.1) The inheritance tax due upon the transfer of property passing to or for the use of a husband or wife shall be the lesser of the tax imposed under subsection (a)(1.1) or the tax due after the allowance of the credit provided for under section 2112.  2

(c) When any person entitled to a distributive share of an estate, whether under an inter vivos trust, a will or the intestate law, renounces his right to receive the distributive share receiving therefor no consideration, or exercises his elective rights under 20 Pa.C.S. Ch. 22 (relating to elective share of surviving spouse) receiving therefor no consideration other than the interest in assets passing to him as the electing spouse, the tax shall be computed as though the persons who benefit by such renunciation or election were originally designated to be the distributees, conditioned upon an adjudication or decree of distribution expressly confirming distribution to such distributees.  The renunciation shall be made within nine months after the death of the decedent.  In the case of a surviving spouse taking his elective share of an estate, the renunciation shall be made within the time for election and any extension thereof under 20 Pa.C.S. § 2210(b) (relating to procedure for election;  time limit).  Notice of the filing of the account and of its call for audit or confirmation shall include notice of the renunciation or election to the department.  When an unconditional vesting of a future interest does not occur at the decedent's death, the renunciation specified in this subsection of the future interest may be made within three months after the occurrence of the event or contingency which resolves the vesting of the interest in possession and enjoyment.

(d) In case of a compromise of a dispute regarding rights and interests of transferees, made in good faith, the tax shall be computed as though the persons so receiving distribution were originally entitled to it as transferees of the property received in the compromise, conditioned upon an adjudication or decree of distribution expressly confirming distribution to such distributees.  Notice of the filing of the account and of its call for audit or confirmation shall include notice to the department.

(e) If the rate of tax which will be applicable when an interest vests in possession and enjoyment cannot be established with certainty, the department, after consideration of relevant actuarial factors, valuations and other pertinent circumstances, may enter into an agreement with the person responsible for payment to establish a specified amount of tax which, when paid within sixty days after the agreement, shall constitute full payment of all tax otherwise due upon such transfer.  Rights of withdrawal of a surviving spouse not exercised within nine months of the transferor's death shall be ignored in making such calculations.

(f) Property subject to a power of appointment, whether or not the power is exercised and notwithstanding any blending of the property with the property of the donee, shall be taxed only as part of the estate of the donor.

1 72 P.S. § 9136.
2 72 P.S. § 9112.

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