(a) The definitions contained and used in the “Pennsylvania Drug and Alcohol Abuse Control Act” 1 shall also apply for purposes of this act.
(b) As used in this act:
“Administer” means the direct application of a controlled substance, other drug or device, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient or research subject.
“Advertisement” means any representation, disseminated in any manner or by any means other than by labeling, for the purpose of inducing or which is likely to induce, directly or indirectly, the purchase and/or use of a controlled substance, other drug, device or cosmetic.
“Agent” means an authorized person when acting on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser. It does not include a common or contract carrier, public warehouseman, or employe of the carrier or warehouseman.
“Board” means the Pennsylvania Drug, Device and Cosmetic Board.
“Bureau” means the Bureau of Drug Control, Pennsylvania Department of Health.
“Color additive” means a material which is a dye, pigment or other substance made by a process of synthesis or similar artifice, or extracted, isolated or otherwise derived, with or without intermediate or final change of identity, from a vegetable, animal, mineral or other source, and, when added or applied to a controlled substance, other drug, device or cosmetic to the human or animal body, is capable, alone or through reaction with another substance, of imparting color thereto, except that such term does not include any material which the appropriate authority, pursuant to the Federal act, determines is used or intended to be used solely for a purpose or purposes other than coloring. The term “color” includes black, white and intermediate grays.
“Commercial container” means any bottle, jar, tube, ampul, or other receptacle in which a controlled substance, other drug, device or cosmetic is held for distribution or dispensing to an ultimate user, and in addition, any box or package in which the receptacle is held for distribution or dispensing to an ultimate user. The term “commercial container” does not include any package liner, package insert or other material kept with or within a commercial container, nor any carton, crate, drum, or other package in which commercial containers are stored or are used for shipment of controlled substances.
“Contaminated with filth” means consisting, in whole or in part, of any decomposed, putrid or filthy substance, or prepared, packed or held under any unsanitary condition or exposed whereby the article or product concerned may have become contaminated with filth, dirt, dust or any foreign material, or in any manner rendered injurious to health.
“Contraband” means any controlled substance, other drug, device or cosmetic possessed by a person not authorized by law to possess such controlled substance, other drug, device or cosmetic, or obtained or held in a manner contrary to the provisions of this act.
“Control” means to regulate, or change the placement of a controlled substance or immediate precursor; under the provisions of this act.
“Controlled substance” means a drug, substance, or immediate precursor included in Schedules I through V of this act. 2
“Cosmetic” means: (i) substances intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled or sprayed on, introduced into or otherwise applied to the human body or other animal body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness or altering the appearance, and (ii) substances intended for use as a component of any such substances, except that such term shall not include soap.
“Council” means the Governor's Council on Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 3
“Counterfeit” means a controlled substance, other drug, device or cosmetic which, or the container or labeling of which, without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark, imprint, number, or device, or any likeness thereof, of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser other than the person or persons who in fact manufactured, distributed, or dispensed such substance and which thereby is falsely purported or represented to be the product of, or to have been distributed by, such other manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser.
“Court” means all courts of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, including magistrates and justices of the peace. 4
“Deliver” or “delivery” means the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer from one person to another of a controlled substance, other drug, device or cosmetic whether or not there is an agency relationship.
“Department” means the Department of Health of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
“Designer drug” means a substance other than a controlled substance that is intended for human consumption and that either has a chemical structure substantially similar to that of a controlled substance in Schedules I, II or III of this act or that produces an effect substantially similar to that of a controlled substance in Schedules I, II or III. Examples of chemical classes in which designer drugs are found include, but are not limited to, the following: Phenethylamines, N-substituted piperidines, morphinans, ecgonines, quinazolinones, substituted indoles and arylcycloalkylamines.
“Device” means instruments, apparatus and contrivances, including their components, parts and accessories, intended: (i) for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease of man or other animals; or (ii) to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals.
“Dispense” means to deliver a controlled substance, other drug or device to an ultimate user or research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing, administering, packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare such item for that delivery.
“Dispenser” means a practitioner who dispenses.
“Distribute” means to deliver other than by administering or dispensing a controlled substance, other drug, device or cosmetic.
“Distributor” means any person engaged in the activities of jobber, dealer, or wholesaler who sells, or otherwise distributes, any controlled substance, other drug, device or cosmetic for resale or redistribution which he has not himself prepared, produced or compounded.
“Drug” means: (i) substances recognized in the official United States Pharmacopeia, or official National Formulary, or any supplement to either of them; and (ii) substances intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in man or other animals; and (iii) substances (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the human body or other animal body; and (iv) substances intended for use as a component of any article specified in clause (i), (ii) or (iii), but not including devices or their components, parts or accessories.
“Drug dependent person” means a person who is using a drug, controlled substance or alcohol, and who is in a state of psychic or physical dependence, or both, arising from administration of that drug, controlled substance or alcohol on a continuing basis. Such dependence is characterized by behavioral and other responses which include a strong compulsion to take the drug, controlled substance or alcohol on a continuous basis in order to experience its psychic effects, or to avoid the discomfort of its absence. This definition shall include those persons commonly known as “drug addicts.”
“Drug paraphernalia” means all equipment, products and materials of any kind which are used, intended for use or designed for use in planting, propagating, cultivating, growing, harvesting, manufacturing, compounding, converting, producing, processing, preparing, testing, analyzing, packaging, repackaging, storing, containing, concealing, injecting, ingesting, inhaling or otherwise introducing into the human body a controlled substance in violation of this act. It includes, but is not limited to:
(1) Kits used, intended for use or designed for use in planting, propagating, cultivating, growing or harvesting of any species of plant which is a controlled substance or from which a controlled substance can be derived.
(2) Kits used, intended for use or designed for use in manufacturing, compounding, converting, producing, processing or preparing controlled substances.
(3) Isomerization devices used, intended for use or designed for use in increasing the potency of any species of plant which is a controlled substance.
(4) Testing equipment used, intended for use or designed for use in identifying or in analyzing the strength, effectiveness or purity of controlled substances.
(5) Scales and balances used, intended for use or designed for use in weighing or measuring controlled substances.
(6) Diluents and adulterants, such as quinine hydrochloride, mannitol, mannite, dextrose and lactose, used, intended for use or designed for use in cutting controlled substances.
(7) Separation gins and sifters used, intended for use or designed for use in removing twigs and seeds from or in otherwise cleaning or refining marihuana.
(8) Blenders, bowls, containers, spoons and mixing devices used, intended for use or designed for use in compounding controlled substances.
(9) Capsules, balloons, envelopes and other containers used, intended for use or designed for use in packaging small quantities of controlled substances.
(10) Containers and other objects used, intended for use or designed for use in storing or concealing controlled substances.
(11) Hypodermic syringes, needles and other objects used, intended for use, or designed for use in parenterally injected controlled substances into the human body.
(12) Objects used, intended for use or designed for use in ingesting, inhaling or otherwise introducing marihuana, cocaine, hashish or hashish oil into the human body, such as:
(i) Metal, wooden, acrylic, glass, stone, plastic or ceramic pipes with or without screens, permanent screens, hashish heads or punctured metal bowls.
(ii) Water pipes.
(iii) Carburetion tubes and devices.
(iv) Smoking and carburetion masks.
(v) Roach clips; meaning objects used to hold burning material such as a marihuana cigarette, that has become too small or too short to be held in the hand.
(vi) Miniature cocaine spoons and cocaine vials.
(vii) Chamber pipes.
(viii) Carburetor pipes.
(ix) Electric pipes.
(x) Air-driven pipes.
(xiii) Ice pipes or chillers.
In determining whether an object is drug paraphernalia, a court or other authority should consider, in addition to all other logically relevant factors, statements by an owner or by anyone in control of the object concerning its use, prior convictions, if any, of an owner, or of anyone in control of the object, under any State or Federal law relating to any controlled substance, the proximity of the object, in time and space, to a direct violation of this act, the proximity of the object to controlled substances, the existence of any residue of controlled substances on the object, direct or circumstantial evidence of the intent of an owner, or of anyone in control of the object, to deliver it to persons who he knows, or should reasonably know, intend to use the object to facilitate a violation of this act, the innocence of an owner or of anyone in control of the object, as to a direct violation of this act should not prevent a finding that the object is intended for use or designed for use as drug paraphernalia, instructions, oral or written, provided with the object concerning its use, descriptive materials accompanying the object which explain or depict its use, national and local advertising concerning its use, the manner in which the object is displayed for sale, whether the owner, or anyone in control of the object, is a legitimate supplier of like or related items to the community, such as a licensed distributor or dealer of tobacco products, direct or circumstantial evidence of the ratio of sales of the objects to the total sales of the business enterprise, the existence and scope of legitimate uses for the object in the community, and expert testimony concerning its use.
“Immediate precursor” means a substance which the secretary has found to be, and by regulation designates as being a principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use, and which is an immediate chemical intermediary used or likely to be used in the manufacture of a controlled substance.
“Label” means a display of written, printed or graphic matter upon the commercial container of any substance or article and a requirement made by or under authority of this act that any word, statement or other information appearing on the label shall not be considered to be complied with unless such word, statement or other information also appears on the outside container or wrapper, if any there be, of the retail package of such substance or is easily legible through the outside container or wrapper.
“Labeling” means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter: (i) upon a substance or any of its containers or wrappers; or (ii) accompanying such substance.
“Manufacture” means the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion or processing of a controlled substance, other drug or device or the packaging or repackaging of such substance or article, or the labeling or relabeling of the commercial container of such substance or article, but does not include the activities of a practitioner who, as an incident to his administration or dispensing such substance or article in the course of his professional practice, prepares, compounds, packages or labels such substance or article. The term “manufacturer” means a person who manufactures a controlled substance, other drug or device.
“Marihuana” consists of all forms, species and/or varieties of the genus Cannabis sativa L., whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; the resin extracted from any part of such plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such plant, its seeds or resin; but shall not include tetrahydrocannabinols, the mature stalks of such plant, fiber produced from such stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of such plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such mature stalks (except the resin extracted therefrom), fiber, oil, cake, or the sterilized seed of such plant which is incapable of germination.
“Narcotic” means any of the following, whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis: (i) opium, (ii) any opiate having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining capacity similar to morphine, but not including the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium, (iii) any compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, or preparation of opium or any opiate, and (iv) any substance, compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, or preparation thereof, which is chemically identical with any of the substances referred to in (i), (ii) or (iii).
“New drug” means: (i) any drug the composition of which is such that such drug is not generally recognized among experts qualified by scientific training and experience to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of drugs as safe and effective for use under the conditions prescribed, recommended or suggested in the labeling thereof; or (ii) any drug the composition of which is such that such drug, as a result of investigations to determine its safety and effectiveness for use under such conditions, has become so recognized, but which has not, otherwise than in such investigations, been used to a material extent or for a material time under such conditions.
“Nonproprietary drug” means any drug containing any quantity of any controlled substance or any drug requiring a prescription, a drug containing biologicals or substances of glandular origin (except intestinal enzymes and all liver products), drugs which are administered parenterally, but not any such drugs which are prepackaged with complete dosage instructions in the labeling limiting their use to the care or treatment of poultry and livestock.
“Official compendium” means the official United States Pharmacopeia, the official National Formulary or any supplement to either of them.
“Opiate” means any substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability. It does not include the dextrorotatory isomer of 3-methoxy-n-methlmorphinan and its salts (dextromethorphan). It does include the racemic and levorotatory forms.
“Opium poppy” means the plant of the species Papaver somniferum L., except its seeds.
“Person” means individual, corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, or any other legal entity.
“Poppy straw” means all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing.
“Practitioner” means: (i) a physician, osteopath, dentist, veterinarian, pharmacist, podiatrist, nurse, scientific investigator, or other person licensed, registered or otherwise permitted to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to or to administer a controlled substance, other drug or device in the course of professional practice or research in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; (ii) a pharmacy, hospital, clinic or other institution licensed, registered, or otherwise permitted to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to or to administer a controlled substance, other drug or device in the course of professional practice or research in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
“Prescription” or “prescription order” means an order for a controlled substance, other drug or device for medication which is dispensed to or for an ultimate user, but does not include an order for a controlled substance, other drug or device for medication which is dispensed for immediate administration to the ultimate user (e.g., an order to dispense a drug to a bed patient for immediate administration in a hospital is not a prescription order).
“Production” includes the manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing or harvesting of a controlled substance, other drug, device and cosmetic.
“Real-time stop-sale system” means a system intended to be used by law enforcement agencies and pharmacies or other business establishments that:
(1) is installed, operated and maintained free of any one-time or recurring charge to the business establishment or to the Commonwealth;
(2) is able to communicate in real time with similar systems operated in other states and similar systems containing information submitted by more than one state;
(3) complies with the security policy of the Criminal Justice Information Services Division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation or its successor;
(4) complies with information exchange standards adopted by the National Information Exchange Model or its successor;
(5) uses a mechanism to prevent the completion of a sale of a product containing ephedrine or pseudoephedrine that would violate Federal or State law regarding the purchase of a product containing those substances; and
(6) is equipped with an override of the mechanism that:
(i) may be activated by an employe of a business establishment; and
(ii) creates a record of each activation of the override.
“Registrant” means any one person registered under the laws of this Commonwealth to manufacture, dispense, distribute, administer or sell drugs.
“Secretary” means the Secretary of Health of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
“Structure” means any house, apartment building, shop, warehouse, barn, building, vessel, railroad car, cargo container, motor vehicle, housecar, trailer, trailer coach, camper, mine, floating home, or other enclosed structure capable of holding a child and manufacturing equipment.
“Temporary technological or electrical failure” means any failure of a computer system, application or device, or the loss of electrical power to that system, application or device, or any other service interruption to a computer system, application or device in a manner that reasonably prevents a practitioner from utilizing his or her certified electronic prescribing application to transmit an electronic prescription for a controlled substance in accordance with this act and Federal requirements.
“Ultimate user” means a person who lawfully possesses a controlled substance, other drug, device or cosmetic for his own use or for the use of a member of his household or for administering to an animal in his care.
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