(a) If unspecified.--If neither the trust instrument nor a separate written agreement signed by the settlor or anyone who is authorized by the trust instrument to do so specifies the trustee's compensation, the trustee is entitled to compensation that is reasonable under the circumstances. Neither a compensation provision in a trust instrument nor a fee agreement governs compensation payable from trust principal unless it explicitly so provides.
(b) If specified; adjustment.--If a trust instrument or written fee agreement signed by the settlor or anyone who is authorized by the trust instrument to do so specifies a trustee's compensation, the trustee is entitled to the specified compensation. The court may allow reasonable compensation that is more or less than that specified if:
(1) the duties of the trustee have become substantially different from those contemplated when the trust was created or when the fee agreement was executed;
(2) the compensation specified in the trust instrument or fee agreement would be unreasonable; or
(3) the trustee performed extraordinary services, and the trust instrument or fee agreement does not specify the trustee's compensation for those services.
(c) Entitlement not barred.--None of the following shall bar a trustee's entitlement to compensation from the income or principal of the trust:
(1) The trust is perpetual or for any other reason has not yet terminated.
(2) The trustee's term of office has not yet ended.
(3) The trustee of a testamentary trust also acted as a personal representative of the settlor and was or might have been compensated for services as a personal representative from the principal of the settlor's estate.
(d) Court authority.--In determining reasonable compensation, the court may consider, among other facts, the market value of the trust and may determine compensation as a fixed or graduated percentage of the trust's market value. The court may allow compensation from principal, income or both and determine the frequency with which compensation may be collected. Compensation at levels that arise in a competitive market shall be presumed to be reasonable in the absence of compelling evidence to the contrary.
(e) Cemetery lots.--The authority in this section to pay compensation from trust principal shall not apply to trusts created by cemetery lot owners as endowments for the endowed care and maintenance of burial or cemetery lots if the principal sum involved is less than $20,000. Compensation shall be paid exclusively from the income of such trusts.
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