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(1) Notwithstanding any other provisions of law to the contrary, the city of White Plains, in the county of Westchester, is hereby authorized and empowered to adopt and amend local laws imposing in such city a tax, in addition to any other tax authorized and imposed pursuant to this article, such as the legislature has or would have the power and authority to impose upon persons occupying any room for hire in any hotel. For the purposes of this section, the term “hotel” shall mean a building or portion of it which is regularly used and kept open as such for the lodging of guests. The term “hotel” includes an apartment hotel, a motel or a boarding house, whether or not meals are served. The rate of such tax shall not exceed three percent of the per diem rental rate for each room whether such room is rented on a daily or longer basis.
(2) Such tax may be collected and administered by the chief fiscal officer of the city of White Plains by such means and in such manner as other taxes which are now collected and administered by such officer or as otherwise may be provided by such local laws.
(3) Such local laws may provide that any tax imposed shall be paid by the person liable therefor to the owner of the room for hire in the hotel or to the person entitled to be paid the rent or charge for the room for hire in the hotel occupied for and on account of the city of White Plains imposing the tax and that such owner or person entitled to be paid the rent or charge shall be liable for the collection and payment of the tax; and that such owner or person entitled to be paid the rent or charge shall have the same right in respect to collecting the tax from the person occupying the room for hire in the hotel, or in respect to nonpayment of the tax by the person occupying the room for hire in the hotel, as if the tax were a part of the rent or charge and payable at the same time as the rent or charge; provided, however, that the chief fiscal officer of the city of White Plains, specified in such local laws, shall be joined as a party in any action or proceeding brought to collect the tax by the owner or by the person entitled to be paid the rent or charge.
(4) Such local laws may provide for the filing of returns and the payment of the tax on a monthly basis or on the basis of any longer or shorter period of time.
(5) This section shall not authorize the imposition of such tax upon any of the following:
a. The state of New York, or any public corporation (including a public corporation created pursuant to agreement or compact with another state or Canada), improvement district or other political subdivision of the state;
b. The United States of America, insofar as it is immune from taxation;
c. Any corporation or association, or trust, or community chest, fund or foundation organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable or educational purposes, or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals, and no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual and no substantial part of the activities of which is carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation; provided, however, that nothing in this paragraph shall include an organization operated for the primary purpose of carrying on a trade or business for profit, whether or not all of its profits are payable to one or more organizations described in this paragraph; or
d. A permanent resident of a hotel. For the purposes of this section, the term “permanent resident” shall mean a natural person occupying any room or rooms in a hotel for at least thirty consecutive days.
(6) Any final determination of the amount of any tax payable hereunder shall be reviewable for error, illegality or unconstitutionality or any other reason whatsoever by a proceeding under article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules if application therefor is made to the supreme court within thirty days after the giving of notice of such final determination, provided, however, that any such proceeding under such article seventy-eight shall not be instituted unless:
a. The amount of any tax sought to be reviewed, with such interest and penalties thereon as may be provided for by local laws or regulations shall be first deposited and there shall be filed an undertaking, issued by a surety company authorized to transact business in this state and approved by the superintendent of financial services of this state as to solvency and responsibility, in such amount as a justice of the supreme court shall approve to the effect that if such proceeding be dismissed or the tax confirmed the petitioner will pay all costs and charges which may accrue in the prosecution of such proceeding; or
b. At the option of the petitioner, such undertaking may be in a sum sufficient to cover the taxes, interest and penalties stated in such determination plus the costs and charges which may accrue against it in the prosecution of the proceeding, in which event the petitioner shall not be required to pay such taxes, interest or penalties as a condition precedent to the application.
(7) Where any taxes imposed hereunder shall have been erroneously, illegally or unconstitutionally collected and application for the refund therefor duly made to the proper fiscal officer or officers, and such officer or officers shall have made a determination denying such refund, such determination shall be reviewable by a proceeding under article seventy-eight of the civil practice law and rules, provided, however, that such proceeding is instituted within thirty days after the giving of the notice of such denial, that a final determination of tax due was not previously made, and that an undertaking is filed with the proper fiscal officer or officers in such amount and with such sureties as a justice of the supreme court shall approve to the effect that if such proceeding be dismissed or the taxes confirmed, the petitioner will pay all costs and charges which may accrue in the prosecution of such proceeding.
(8) Except in the case of a willfully false or fraudulent return with intent to evade the tax, no assessment of additional tax shall be made after the expiration of more than three years from the date of the filing of a return, provided, however, that where no return has been filed as provided by law the tax may be assessed at any time.
(9) All revenues resulting from the imposition of the tax under the local laws shall be paid into the treasury of the city of White Plains and shall be credited to and deposited in the general fund of the city. Such revenues may be used for any lawful purpose.
(10) Each enactment of such a local law may provide for the imposition of a hotel tax for a period to expire on December thirty-first, two thousand twenty-one. Nothing in this section shall prohibit the adoption and enactment of local laws, pursuant to the provisions of this section, upon the expiration of any other local law adopted pursuant to this section.
(11) If any provision of this section or the application thereof to any person or circumstance shall be held invalid, the remainder of this section and the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected thereby.
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - New York Consolidated Laws, Tax Law - TAX § 1202-aa. Occupancy tax in the city of White Plains - last updated January 01, 2021 | https://codes.findlaw.com/ny/tax-law/tax-sect-1202-aa-nr3.html
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