New York Consolidated Laws, Executive Law - EXC § 259-c. State board of parole;  functions, powers and duties

The state board of parole shall:  1. [Eff. until Sept. 1, 2019, pursuant to L.1995, c. 3, § 74, subd. d.  See, also, subd. 1 below.] have the power and duty of determining which inmates serving an indeterminate or determinate sentence of imprisonment may be released on parole, or on medical parole pursuant to section two hundred fifty-nine-r or section two hundred fifty-nine-s of this article, and when and under what conditions;

1. [Eff. Sept. 1, 2019, pursuant to L.1995, c. 3, § 74, subd. d.  See, also, subd. 1 above.] have the power and duty of determining which inmates serving an indeterminate sentence of imprisonment may be released on parole, or on medical parole pursuant to section two hundred fifty-nine-r of this article, and when and under what conditions;

2. [Eff. until Sept. 1, 2019, pursuant to L.1995, c. 3, § 74, subd. d.  See, also, subd. 1 below.] have the power and duty of determining the conditions of release of the person who may be presumptively released, conditionally released or subject to a period of post-release supervision under an indeterminate or determinate sentence of imprisonment;

2. [Eff. Sept. 1, 2019, pursuant to L.1995, c. 3, § 74, subd. d.  See, also, subd. 1 above.] have the power and duty of determining the conditions of release of the person who may be conditionally released or subject to a period of post-release supervision under an indeterminate or reformatory sentence of imprisonment and of determining which inmates serving a definite sentence of imprisonment may be conditionally released and when and under what conditions;

3. determine, as each inmate is received by the department, the need for further investigation of the background of such inmate.  Upon such determination, the department shall cause such investigation as may be necessary to be made as soon as practicable, the results of such investigation together with all other information compiled by the department and the complete criminal record and family court record of such inmate to be filed so as to be readily available when the parole of such inmate is being considered;

4. establish written procedures for its use in making parole decisions as required by law.  Such written procedures shall incorporate risk and needs principles to measure the rehabilitation of persons appearing before the board, the likelihood of success of such persons upon release, and assist members of the state board of parole in determining which inmates may be released to parole supervision;

5. through its members, officers and employees, study or cause to be studied the inmates confined in institutions over which the board has jurisdiction, so as to determine their ultimate fitness to be paroled;

6. have the power to revoke the community supervision status of any person and to authorize the issuance of a warrant for the re-taking of such persons;

8. have the power and perform the duty, when requested by the governor, of reporting to the governor the facts, circumstances, criminal records and social, physical, mental and psychiatric conditions and histories of inmates under consideration by the governor for pardon or commutation of sentence and of applicants for restoration of the rights of citizenship;

9. for the purpose of any investigation in the performance of duties made by it or any member thereof, have the power to issue subpoenas, to compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of books, papers, and other documents pertinent to the subject of its inquiry;

10. have the power to authorize any members thereof and hearing officers to administer oaths and take the testimony of persons under oath;

11. make rules for the conduct of its work, a copy of such rules and of any amendments thereto to be filed by the chairman with the secretary of state;

12. to facilitate the supervision of all inmates released on community supervision the chairman of the state board of parole shall consider the implementation of a program of graduated sanctions, including but not limited to the utilization of a risk and needs assessment instrument that would be administered to all inmates eligible for parole supervision.  Such a program would include various components including the use of alternatives to incarceration for technical parole violations;

13. transmit a report of the work of the state board of parole for the preceding calendar year to the governor and the legislature annually.  Such report shall include statistical information regarding the demographics of persons granted release and considered for release to community supervision or deportation, including but not limited to age, gender, race, ethnicity, region of commitment and other relevant categories of classification and commitment;

14. notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, where a person serving a sentence for an offense defined in article one hundred thirty, one hundred thirty-five or two hundred sixty-three of the penal law or section 255.25 , 255.26 or 255.27 of the penal law and the victim of such offense was under the age of eighteen at the time of such offense or such person has been designated a level three sex offender pursuant to subdivision six of section one hundred sixty-eight-l of the correction law , is released on parole or conditionally released pursuant to subdivision one or two of this section, the board shall require, as a mandatory condition of such release, that such sentenced offender shall refrain from knowingly entering into or upon any school grounds, as that term is defined in subdivision fourteen of section 220.00 of the penal law , or any other facility or institution primarily used for the care or treatment of persons under the age of eighteen while one or more of such persons under the age of eighteen are present, provided however, that when such sentenced offender is a registered student or participant or an employee of such facility or institution or entity contracting therewith or has a family member enrolled in such facility or institution, such sentenced offender may, with the written authorization of his or her parole officer and the superintendent or chief administrator of such facility, institution or grounds, enter such facility, institution or upon such grounds for the limited purposes authorized by the parole officer and superintendent or chief officer.  Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed as restricting any lawful condition of supervision that may be imposed on such sentenced offender.

15. Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, where a person is serving a sentence for an offense for which registration as a sex offender is required pursuant to subdivision two or three of section one hundred sixty-eight-a of the correction law , and the victim of such offense was under the age of eighteen at the time of such offense or such person has been designated a level three sex offender pursuant to subdivision six of section one hundred sixty-eight-l of the correction law or the internet was used to facilitate the commission of the crime, is released on parole or conditionally released pursuant to subdivision one or two of this section, the board shall require, as mandatory conditions of such release, that such sentenced offender shall be prohibited from using the internet to access pornographic material, access a commercial social networking website, communicate with other individuals or groups for the purpose of promoting sexual relations with persons under the age of eighteen, and communicate with a person under the age of eighteen when such offender is over the age of eighteen, provided that the board may permit an offender to use the internet to communicate with a person under the age of eighteen when such offender is the parent of a minor child and is not otherwise prohibited from communicating with such child.  Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed as restricting any other lawful condition of supervision that may be imposed on such sentenced offender.  As used in this subdivision, a “commercial social networking website” shall mean any business, organization or other entity operating a website that permits persons under eighteen years of age to be registered users for the purpose of establishing personal relationships with other users, where such persons under eighteen years of age may:  (i) create web pages or profiles that provide information about themselves where such web pages or profiles are available to the public or to other users;  (ii) engage in direct or real time communication with other users, such as a chat room or instant messenger;  and (iii) communicate with persons over eighteen years of age;  provided, however, that, for purposes of this subdivision, a commercial social networking website shall not include a website that permits users to engage in such other activities as are not enumerated herein.

15-a. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, where a person is serving a sentence for a violation of section 120.03 , 120.04 , 120.04-a , 125.12 , 125.13 or 125.14 of the penal law , or a felony as defined in paragraph (c) of subdivision one of section eleven hundred ninety-three of the vehicle and traffic law , if such person is released on parole or conditional release the board shall require as a mandatory condition of such release, that such person install and maintain, in accordance with the provisions of section eleven hundred ninety-eight of the vehicle and traffic law , an ignition interlock device in any motor vehicle owned or operated by such person during the term of such parole or conditional release for such crime.  Provided further, however, the board may not otherwise authorize the operation of a motor vehicle by any person whose license or privilege to operate a motor vehicle has been revoked pursuant to the provisions of the vehicle and traffic law.

16. determine which inmates serving a definite sentence of imprisonment may be conditionally released from an institution in which he or she is confined in accordance with subdivision two of section 70.40 of the penal law .

17. within amounts appropriated, appoint attorneys to serve as its legal advisors.  Such attorneys shall report directly to the board, provided, however, that administrative matters of general applicability within the department shall be applicable to such attorneys.


FindLaw Codes are provided courtesy of Thomson Reuters Westlaw, the industry-leading online legal research system. For more detailed codes research information, including annotations and citations, please visit Westlaw.

FindLaw Codes may not reflect the most recent version of the law in your jurisdiction. Please verify the status of the code you are researching with the state legislature or via Westlaw before relying on it for your legal needs.

Copied to clipboard