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(a) Actions for personal injury, injury to property or wrongful death. In any action brought to recover damages for personal injury, injury to property or wrongful death, where the plaintiff seeks to recover for the cost of medical care, dental care, custodial care or rehabilitation services, loss of earnings or other economic loss, evidence shall be admissible for consideration by the court to establish that any such past or future cost or expense was or will, with reasonable certainty, be replaced or indemnified, in whole or in part, from any collateral source, except for life insurance and those payments as to which there is a statutory right of reimbursement. If the court finds that any such cost or expense was or will, with reasonable certainty, be replaced or indemnified from any such collateral source, it shall reduce the amount of the award by such finding, minus an amount equal to the premiums paid by the plaintiff for such benefits for the two-year period immediately preceding the accrual of such action and minus an amount equal to the projected future cost to the plaintiff of maintaining such benefits. In order to find that any future cost or expense will, with reasonable certainty, be replaced or indemnified by the collateral source, the court must find that the plaintiff is legally entitled to the continued receipt of such collateral source, pursuant to a contract or otherwise enforceable agreement, subject only to the continued payment of a premium and such other financial obligations as may be required by such agreement. Any collateral source deduction required by this subdivision shall be made by the trial court after the rendering of the jury's verdict. The plaintiff may prove his or her losses and expenses at the trial irrespective of whether such sums will later have to be deducted from the plaintiff's recovery.
(b) Voluntary charitable contributions excluded as a collateral source of payment. Voluntary charitable contributions received by an injured party shall not be considered to be a collateral source of payment that is admissible in evidence to reduce the amount of any award, judgment or settlement.
(c), (d) Relettered (a), (b) by L.2009, c. 494, pt. F, §§ 2, 3, eff. Nov. 12, 2009.
(a) Except as provided in (b) and (c) of this section, rights of unsecured creditors of the seller with respect to goods that have been identified to a contract for sale are subject to the buyer's rights to recover the goods under AS 45.02.502 and 45.02.716.
(b) A creditor of the seller may treat a sale or an identification of goods to a contract for sale as void if as against the creditor a retention of possession by the seller is fraudulent under any rule of law of the state where the goods are located, except that retention of possession in good faith and current course of trade by a merchant seller for a commercially reasonable time after a sale or identification is not fraudulent.
(c) Nothing in this chapter may be considered to impair the rights of creditors of the seller
(1) under the provisions of AS 45.29; or
(2) if identification to the contract or delivery is made not in current course of trade but in satisfaction of or as security for a pre-existing claim for money, security, or the like and is made under circumstances that under any rule of law of the state where the goods are located would, apart from this chapter, constitute the transaction of a fraudulent transfer or voidable preference.
Cite this article: FindLaw.com - New York Consolidated Laws, Civil Practice Law and Rules - CVP § 4545. Admissibility of collateral source of payment - last updated January 01, 2021 | https://codes.findlaw.com/ny/civil-practice-law-and-rules/cvp-sect-4545.html
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