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New Mexico Statutes Chapter 61. Professional and Occupational Licenses § 61-18A-2. Definitions

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As used in the Collection Agency Regulatory Act:

A. “division” means the financial institutions division of the regulation and licensing department;

B. “director” means the director of the division or a duly authorized agent designated by the director;

C. “collection agency” means a person engaging in business for the purpose of collecting or attempting to collect, directly or indirectly, debts owed or due or asserted to be owed or due another, where such person is so engaged by two or more creditors.  The term also includes a creditor who, in the process of collecting the creditor's own debts, uses any name other than the creditor's own that would indicate that a third person is collecting or attempting to collect the debts.  The term does not include:

(1) an officer or employee of a creditor while, in the name of the creditor, collecting debts for such creditor;

(2) a person while collecting debts for another person, both of whom are related by common ownership or affiliated by corporate control, if the person collects debts only for persons to whom it is so related or affiliated and if the principal business of such person is not the collection of debts;

(3) an officer or employee of the United States, a state or a political subdivision thereof to the extent that collecting or attempting to collect a debt is in the performance of official duties;

(4) a person while serving or attempting to serve legal process on any other person in connection with the judicial enforcement of a debt;

(5) a nonprofit organization that, at the request of debtors, performs bona fide consumer credit counseling and assists debtors in the liquidation of their debts by receiving payments from such debtors and distributing such amounts to creditors;

(6) an attorney-at-law collecting a debt as an attorney on behalf of and in the name of a client;  or

(7) a person collecting or attempting to collect a debt owed or due or asserted to be owed or due to another to the extent such activity:

(a) is incidental to a bona fide fiduciary obligation or a bona fide escrow arrangement;

(b) concerns a debt that was originated by such person;

(c) concerns a debt that was not in default at the time it was obtained by such person;  or

(d) concerns a debt obtained by such person as a secured party in a commercial credit transaction involving the creditor;

D. “communication” means the conveying of information regarding a debt directly or indirectly to a person through any medium;

E. “creditor” means a person who offers or extends credit creating a debt or to whom a debt is owed, but the term does not include a person to the extent that the person receives an assignment or transfer of a debt in default solely for the purpose of facilitating collection of such debt for another;

F. “debt” means an obligation or alleged obligation of a debtor to pay money arising out of a transaction in which the money, property, insurance or services that are the subject of the transaction are primarily for personal, family or household purposes, whether or not such obligation has been reduced to judgment;

G. “debt collector” means a collection agency, a repossessor, a manager, a solicitor and an attorney-at-law collecting a debt as an attorney on behalf of and in the name of a client;

H. “debtor” means a natural person obligated or allegedly obligated to pay a debt;

I. “location information” means a debtor's place of abode and the telephone number at such place or the debtor's place of employment;

J. “manager” means a natural person who qualifies under the Collection Agency Regulatory Act to be in full-time charge of a licensed collection agency and to whom a manager's license has been issued by the director;

K. “nationwide multistate licensing system and registry” means a licensing system developed and maintained by the conference of state bank supervisors and the American association of residential mortgage regulators pursuant to the federal Secure and Fair Enforcement for Mortgage Licensing Act of 2008 to manage mortgage licenses and other financial services licenses, or a successor registry;

L. “person” means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, joint-stock company, trust where the interests of the beneficiaries are evidenced by a security, unincorporated organization, government or political subdivision of a government;

M. “repossessor” means a person engaged solely in the business of repossessing personal property for others for a fee.  The term does not include a duly licensed collection agency;  and

N. “solicitor” means a natural person who, through lawful means, communicates with debtors or solicits the payment of debts for a collection agency licensee by the use of telephone, personal contact, letters or other methods of collection conducted from and within the licensee's office.

Cite this article: - New Mexico Statutes Chapter 61. Professional and Occupational Licenses § 61-18A-2. Definitions - last updated May 06, 2021 |

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