a. A corporation may elect, in accordance with the provisions of this section, to be a New Jersey S corporation. In order for an election to be valid, the corporation and each of its shareholders on the day on which the election is made (hereinafter “initial shareholders”) must consent to such election and the jurisdictional requirements of becoming a New Jersey S corporation. The form of the election and consent to jurisdictional requirements and the place for filing shall be as prescribed by the Director of the Division of Taxation.
b. Each initial shareholder and the corporation shall consent to the following jurisdictional requirements:
(1) That this State shall have the right and jurisdiction to tax and collect the tax on each shareholder's S corporation income as defined pursuant to section 12 of P.L.1993, c. 173 ( C.54A:5-10 ) and, if applicable, the pass-through business alternative income tax pursuant to P.L.2019, c. 320 ( C.54A:12-1 et al.);
(2) That New Jersey's right and jurisdiction to tax the income as set forth in paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not be affected by a change of a shareholder's residency, except as provided by the “New Jersey Gross Income Tax Act,” N.J.S.54A:1-1 et seq. ; and
(3) If shareholders that are not initial shareholders of the corporation, while the corporation is a New Jersey S corporation, fail to consent to New Jersey's jurisdiction to tax S corporation income to such shareholders, this State shall have the right and jurisdiction to collect a payment of tax each year directly from the corporation equal to the S corporation income allocated to this State, as defined pursuant to section 12 of P.L.1993, c. 173 ( C.54A:5-10 ), of the nonconsenting shareholders for the accounting or privilege period multiplied by the maximum tax bracket rate provided under N.J.S.54A:2-1 for the accounting or privilege period. In such case, the corporation shall have the right, but not the obligation, to recover payments made by the corporation pursuant to this paragraph from each nonconsenting shareholder.
c. A corporation may make an election to become a New Jersey S corporation with respect to an accounting or privilege period for which the corporation is or will be an S corporation. The election for an accounting or privilege period, along with the consents to jurisdictional requirements, shall be filed within one calendar month of the time at which a federal S corporation election would be required if such accounting or privilege period were a “taxable year” for which a federal S corporation election were to be made pursuant to section 1362 of the federal Internal Revenue Code of 1986 , 26 U.S.C. s.1362 . Such elections may only be revoked pursuant to subsection d. of this section. Such election shall terminate immediately upon the corporation's failure to satisfy the definition of a New Jersey S corporation pursuant to paragraph (p) of section 4 of P.L.1945, c. 162 ( C.54:10A-4 ).
d. A corporation may revoke an election pursuant to this section on or before the last day of the first accounting or privilege period to which the election would otherwise apply.
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