North Dakota Century Code Title 23. Health and Safety § 23-07.6-02. Confinement order--Penalty

1. The state health officer or any local health officer may order any person or group into confinement by a written directive if there are reasonable grounds to believe that the person or group is infected with any communicable disease, the state health officer or local health officer determines that the person or group poses a substantial threat to the public health, and confinement is necessary and is the least restrictive alternative to protect or preserve the public health.

2. Conditions and principles.  The state or local health officer shall adhere to the following conditions and principles when isolating or quarantining individuals or groups of individuals:

a. Isolation and quarantine must be by the least restrictive means necessary to prevent the spread of a contagious or possibly contagious disease to others and may include confinement to private homes or other private and public premises.

b. Isolated individuals must be confined separately from quarantined individuals.

c. The health status of isolated and quarantined individuals must be monitored regularly to determine if they require isolation or quarantine.

d. If a quarantined individual subsequently becomes infected or is reasonably believed to have become infected with a contagious or possibly contagious disease the individual must promptly be removed to isolation.

e. Isolated and quarantined individuals must be immediately released when they pose no substantial risk of transmitting a contagious or possibly contagious disease to others.

f. The needs of persons isolated and quarantined must be addressed in a systematic and competent fashion, including providing adequate food, clothing, shelter, means of communication with those in isolation or quarantine and outside these settings, medication, and competent medical care.

g. Premises used for isolation and quarantine must be maintained in a safe and hygienic manner and be designed to minimize the likelihood of further transmission of infection or other harm to persons isolated and quarantined.

h. To the extent possible, cultural and religious beliefs must be considered in addressing the needs of individuals and establishing and maintaining isolation and quarantine premises.

3. Cooperation.  Persons subject to isolation or quarantine shall obey the health officer's rules and orders and must not go beyond the isolation or quarantine premises.  Failure to obey these provisions is a class B misdemeanor.

4. Entry into isolation or quarantine premises.

a. Authorized entry.  The state or local health officer may authorize physicians, health care workers, or others access to individuals in isolation or quarantine as necessary to meet the needs of isolated or quarantined individuals.

b. Unauthorized entry.  A person, other than a person authorized by the state or local health officer, must not enter isolation or quarantine premises.  Failure to obey this provision is a class B misdemeanor.

c. Potential isolation or quarantine.  A person entering an isolation or quarantine premises with or without authorization of the state or local health officer may be isolated or quarantined pursuant to subsection 1.

5. This section does not authorize the state health officer or a local public health officer to commandeer, in whole or in part, any hospital or other medical facility.

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