North Carolina General Statutes Chapter 75D. Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations § 75D-3. Definitions

As used in this Chapter, the term:

(a) “Enterprise” means any person, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, business trust, union chartered under the laws of this State, or other legal entity;  or any unchartered union, association, or group of individuals associated in fact although not a legal entity;  and it includes illicit as well as licit enterprises and governmental as well as other entities.

(b) “Pattern of racketeering activity” means engaging in at least two incidents of racketeering activity that have the same or similar purposes, results, accomplices, victims, or methods of commission or otherwise are interrelated by distinguishing characteristics and are not isolated and unrelated incidents, provided at least one of such incidents occurred after October 1, 1986, and that at least one other of such incidents occurred within a four-year period of time of the other, excluding any periods of imprisonment, after the commission of a prior incident of racketeering activity.

(c)(1) “Racketeering activity” means to commit, to attempt to commit, or to solicit, coerce, or intimidate another person to commit an act or acts which would be chargeable by indictment if such act or acts were accompanied by the necessary mens rea or criminal intent under the following laws of this State:

a. Article 5 of Chapter 90 of the General Statutes of North Carolina relating to controlled substances and counterfeit controlled substances;

b. Chapter 14 of the General Statutes of North Carolina except Articles 9, 22A, 38, 40, 43, 46, 47, 59 thereof;  and further excepting G.S. Sections 14-78.1 , 14-82 , 14-86 , 14-145 , 14-146 , 14-147 , 14-177 , 14-178 , 14-179 , 14-183 , 14-184 , 14-186 , 14-190.9 , 14-195 , 14-197 , 14-201 , 14-202 , 14-247 , 14-248 , 14-313 thereof.

c. Any conduct involved in a “money laundering” activity;  and

(2) “Racketeering activity” also includes the description in Title 18, United States Code, Section 1961(1) .

(d) “Documentary material” means any book, paper, document, writing, drawing, graph, chart, photograph, phonocord, magnetic tape, computer printout, other data compilation from which information can be obtained or from which information can be translated into useable form, or other tangible item.

(e) “RICO lien notice” means the notice described in G.S. 75D-13 .

(f) “Attorney General” means the Attorney General of North Carolina or any employee of the Department of Justice designated by him in writing.  Any district attorney of this State, with his consent, may be designated in writing by the Attorney General to enforce the provisions of this Chapter.

(g)(1) “Beneficial interest” means either of the following:

a. The interest of a person as a beneficiary under any other trust arrangement pursuant to which a trustee holds legal or record title to real property for the benefit of such person;  or

b. The interest of a person under any other form of express fiduciary arrangement pursuant to which any other person holds legal or record title to real property for the benefit of such person.

(2) “Beneficial interest” does not include the interest of a stockholder in a corporation or the interest of a partner in either a general partnership or limited partnership.  A beneficial interest shall be deemed to be located where the real property owned by the trustee is located.

(h) “Real property” means any real property situated in this State or any interest in such real property, including, but not limited to, any lease of or mortgage upon such real property.

(i)(1) “Trustee” means either of the following:

a. Any person who holds legal or record title to real property for which any other person has a beneficial interest;  or

b. Any successor trustee or trustees to any of the foregoing persons.

(2) “Trustee” does not include the following:

a. Any person appointed or acting as a personal representative under Chapter 35A of the General Statutes relating to guardian and ward, or under Chapter 28A of the General Statutes relating to the administration of estates;  or

b. Any person appointed or acting as a trustee of any testamentary trust or as trustee of any indenture of trust under which any bonds are to be issued.

(j) “Criminal proceeding” means any criminal action commenced by the State for a violation of any provision of those criminal laws referred to in G.S. 75D-3(c) .

(k) “Civil proceeding” means any civil proceeding commenced by the Attorney General or an injured person under any provision of this Chapter.


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