(1) Except as provided in subsection (2), a person commits the offense of unlawful possession of an open alcoholic beverage container in a motor vehicle if the person knowingly possesses an open alcoholic beverage container within the passenger area of a motor vehicle on a highway.
(2) This section does not apply to an open alcoholic beverage container:
(a) in a locked glove compartment or storage compartment;
(b) in a motor vehicle trunk or luggage compartment or in a truck bed or cargo compartment;
(c) behind the last upright seat of a motor vehicle that is not equipped with a trunk;
(d) in a closed container in the area of a motor vehicle that is not equipped with a trunk and that is not normally occupied by the driver or a passenger; or
(e) in the immediate possession of a passenger:
(i) of a motor vehicle, including a bus, taxi, or limousine, that is used for the transportation of persons for compensation and that includes the provision of a hired driver; or
(ii) in the living quarters of a camper, travel trailer, or motor home.
(3)(a) A person convicted of the offense of unlawful possession of an open alcoholic beverage container in a motor vehicle shall be fined an amount not to exceed $100.
(b) A violation of this section is not a criminal offense within the meaning of 3-1-317 , 3-1-318 , 45-2-101 , 46-18-236 , 61-8-104 , and 61-8-711 and may not be recorded or charged against a driver's record, and an insurance company may not hold a violation of this section against the insured or increase premiums because of the violation. The surcharges provided for in 3-1-317 , 3-1-318 , and 46-18-236 may not be imposed for a violation of this section.
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