Montana Title 52. Family Services § 52-3-803. Definitions

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As used in this part, the following definitions apply:

(1) “Abuse” means:

(a) the infliction of physical or mental injury;

(b) the deprivation of food, shelter, clothing, or services necessary to maintain the physical or mental health of an older person or a person with a developmental disability without lawful authority.  A declaration made pursuant to 50-9-103 constitutes lawful authority.

(c) the causing of personal degradation of an older person or a person with a developmental disability in a place where the older person or person with a development disability has a reasonable expectation of privacy.

(2) “Department” means the department of public health and human services provided for in 2-15-2201.

(3) “Exploitation” means:

(a) the unreasonable use of an older person or a person with a developmental disability or of a power of attorney, conservatorship, or guardianship with regard to an older person or a person with a developmental disability in order to obtain control of or to divert to the advantage of another the ownership, use, benefit, or possession of or interest in the person's money, assets, or property by means of deception, duress, menace, fraud, undue influence, or intimidation with the intent or result of permanently depriving the older person or person with a developmental disability of the ownership, use, benefit, or possession of or interest in the person's money, assets, or property;

(b) an act taken by a person who has the trust and confidence of an older person or a person with a developmental disability to obtain control of or to divert to the advantage of another the ownership, use, benefit, or possession of or interest in the person's money, assets, or property by means of deception, duress, menace, fraud, undue influence, or intimidation with the intent or result of permanently depriving the older person or person with a developmental disability of the ownership, use, benefit, or possession of or interest in the person's money, assets, or property;

(c) the unreasonable use of an older person or a person with a developmental disability or of a power of attorney, conservatorship, or guardianship with regard to an older person or a person with a developmental disability done in the course of an offer or sale of insurance or securities in order to obtain control of or to divert to the advantage of another the ownership, use, benefit, or possession of the person's money, assets, or property by means of deception, duress, menace, fraud, undue influence, or intimidation with the intent or result of permanently depriving the older person or person with a developmental disability of the ownership, use, benefit, or possession of the person's money, assets, or property.

(4) “Incapacitated person” has the meaning given in 72-5-101.

(5) “Long-term care facility” means a facility defined in 50-5-101.

(6) “Mental injury” means an identifiable and substantial impairment of a person's intellectual or psychological functioning or well-being.

(7) “Neglect” means the failure of a person who has assumed legal responsibility or a contractual obligation for caring for an older person or a person with a developmental disability or who has voluntarily assumed responsibility for the person's care, including an employee of a public or private residential institution, facility, home, or agency, to provide food, shelter, clothing, or services necessary to maintain the physical or mental health of the older person or the person with a developmental disability.

(8) “Older person” means a person who is at least 60 years of age.

(9) “Person with a developmental disability” means a person 18 years of age or older who has a developmental disability, as defined in 53-20-102.

(10) “Personal degradation” means publication or distribution of a printed or electronic photograph or video of an older person or a person with a developmental disability when the person publishing or distributing intends to demean or humiliate the older person or person with a developmental disability or knows or reasonably should know that the publication or distribution would demean or humiliate a reasonable person.  Personal degradation does not include the recording and dissemination of images or video for treatment, diagnosis, regulatory compliance, or law enforcement purposes, as part of an investigation, or in accordance with a facility or program's confidentiality policy and release of information or consent policy.

(11) “Physical injury” means death, permanent or temporary disfigurement, or impairment of any bodily organ or function.

(12) “Sexual abuse” means the commission of sexual assault, sexual intercourse without consent, indecent exposure, deviate sexual conduct, incest, or sexual abuse of children as described in Title 45, chapter 5, part 5, and Title 45, chapter 8, part 2.

Cite this article: FindLaw.com - Montana Title 52. Family Services § 52-3-803. Definitions - last updated April 27, 2021 | https://codes.findlaw.com/mt/title-52-family-services/mt-code-ann-sect-52-3-803.html


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